Does the Street Art have a place in Galleries ?

Post graffiti, murals, frescoes or Urban Art, the Universe of the Street Art is known under many appelations. But where does it come from ? What were the changes ?

These different kind of appellations have evolved over time and with the artists in this movement. At the beginning the Street Art was known as “Graffiti” which was an act of vandalism during the 1960/1980s decades. 2018-06-24 11.52.31Nowadays, this form of Art which is exhibited in the international galleries, festivals or fairs like the “Urban Art Fair” in Paris, “District13 Art Fair” in Paris [which is coming soon in September 2018], “Beyond The Streets in Los Angeles” a huge showcase of graffiti and street art or the different festival of POW ! WOW ! in Hawaii, Long Beach, Washington and many other countries in the world.

This big change about Street Art in our time period evolved the attitudes and beliefs in this Art movement. Now, this kind of Art is perceived as cool and “in”, Artists don’t really need to hide anymore. Some of them became famous and can live on the income from their Art. Companies, city halls, associations and different kind of institutions call on these artists to beautify their buildings and facades. Artists are not perceived as “delinquent” like in the past when they could be arrested and go to jail for vandalism, but this fact depends as well on many aspects (location where the artists “graff” and if it can be legal or not).

Street Artists now are reconignized and some of them have their exhibits in Galleries because they deserve to be famous and well-known and live off their passion for their art. Their passion became their profession. However, if Street Art tends to be exhibited in galleries and only in galleries the movement will lose its meaning/value. If Artists forget the space that gave them their reputation, their birth as an Artist and they will expose/exhibit in Galleries, the fact that they wanted and desired to make Art accessible to the street, to people who don’t go on or are used to going in galleries will be lost and the debate on this accessibility and about money and business can be questioned.

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In other words, Artists should continue to do murals on the street and for free when they can/want and they have the right, as well if they wish to show and exhibit their Art in Galleries, Fairs, Festivals etc. Both can be combined for the well-being of each Artists.
E.F

Should animals be used for scientific and commercial testing? by Stella, Germany


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General information:

An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the US for commercial and scientific testing including mice, rats, fish, birds, guinea pig, farm animals, cats and dogs.

They are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of  medications, check the safety of products destined for human use.

In additon, to the torment of the actual experiments, animals in laboratories are deprived of everything that is important and natural to them.
They are confined to barren cages, socially isolated and psychologically traumatized.
Most of the torture is legal.

Legal tests include: burning, poisoning, starving, forced, smoking, mutilating, blinding, electrocuting, drowning and dissecting without painkillers. They also get cut open without any painkillers.

The reality is that the majority of animal experiments do not contribute to improving the human health.


AGAINST
the scientific and commercial testing

Many organizations try to follow the three R rules to improve the torment of the animals using for scientific and commercial testing:
Replacement
replacing animals with non-animals tests
Reduction
using fewer animals to do research
Refinement
emphazies the fact, that if companies are going to use animals for your research, they have to make sure that those animals are treated at the highest (ethical) level

Alternatives to replace animals in science:

  • in vitro (test tube) test methods and models based on human cell and tissue cultures
  • computer models and simulations
  • stem cell and genetic testing methods
  • microdosing (in which humans are given very low quantities of a drug to test the effects on the body on the cellular level, without affecting the whole body system)

Why is replacing animals in science much better than using animals for testing? Are there any advantages in non-animal testing?

Yes, replacing animals in science with different alternatives has several advantages.
It is cheaper, faster and companies can test more chemicals.
It is not only more effective for science, but also more reliable and more human.

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PRO the scientific and commercial animal-testing

  • Animals themselves benefit from the results of animal testing
  1. If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus.
  2. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia.
  3. Animal testing has also been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil.

 

Barack Hussein Obama

By Giulia Bamberger, Germany

Barack Hussein Obama is an American politician who is a member of the Democratic Party. As a candidate for the office of the president, Obama won the first preliminary elections in Iowa, 2007. He was the first Afro-American president in America.

Barack Hussein Obama was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, 1961. Two years after his birth, his parents were divorced. After this happened, Obama moved with his mother to Jakarta, Indonesia. There, he went to an Indonesian state school.

In 1971, he went back to Hawaii and went to a private school. There he finished high school with honors.
After he was at Occidental College in L.A, for two years, he traveled to Columbia University in New York. In 1983, he received his Bachelor of Arts in political sciences.
In 1985, he traveled to Chicago and decided to study law at Harvard Law School. He took his final examination at Harvard in 1991. After that, he went back to Chicago and worked as an advocate for civil rights.

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Barack Obama as a child with his mother Stanley Ann Dunham

Obama entered into state politics in Illinois in 1992. He started a campaign for the mobilization of Afro-American electors. By this campaign, he mobilized 150,000 electors. Four years after that, he was elected into the Illinois state senate by the southern constituency. There he took on the leadership for public health service and welfare.
In this legislative period, he supported working-class families and homosexuals. Furthermore, he succeeded with new remedies for AIDS research.
In his second legislative period, 2002, he required the police to use a body cameras and worked further at a health insurance system, which he succeeded.
In the year 2004, Obama gained acceptance in the preliminary elections without problems because of many political personalities that helped him and the two biggest Chicago newspapers.
Obama began his first period in office in the American Senate in 2005. He used a lot of time for training into his position. In the following two years, Obama was one of the most active politicians. He succeeded with 152 decisions.

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Barack Obama with the former President of Germany Joachim Gauck

Barack Obama always was against the Iraq war and against the politics, which George W. Bush operated in this regard. He wanted a gradual withdrawal of the troops from Iraq, which ended after 16 months. Obama wanted to diplomatically counter conflicts with Iran in international cooperation.

After the election in 2017, where Donald Trump won the presidency, he had to move out of the White House with his wife Michelle and his two children Malia Ann (19 years old) and Natasha (16 years old).

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Barack Obama with his family in the White House


By Giulia Bamberger, Germany