Animals Facing Extinction

by Malena Julia Banjavcic, Switzerland

Help. What does help mean? Who needs help? And what help do they need? What can we do to help? These are questions we should ask ourselves every day. We are not alone in this world, even if it sometimes feels like it. There are people, who need help, but also animals. And we all need to start to ask ourselves how to make a change, because there are animals facing extinction and their time is running out.

So what does it mean when animals are in real danger facing extinction?

Plants and animals which are facing extinction are called Endangered Species. Particularly, it says that these species are very likely to become extinct in nearer time.  Of course, there are reasons in nature why animals become endangered, but for the most part we, humans, are the reason. Evidence of this is provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). According to it, we are now losing animal species at more than 1,000 times the normal rate. In 2012, the IUCN featured 3,079 animals and 2,655 plants as endangered worldwide. Whereas back in 1998, the figures were 1,102 animals and 1,197 plants.  People often don’t even know that animals, which are well known, are critically endangered. Examples of species which are facing extinction are the Amur Leopard (pic. 1), the Bornean Orangutan (pic. 2) or the Malayan Tiger (pic. 3).

 (pic. 1)     (pic. 2)    (pic. 3)

If nothing changes, we put ourselves in danger, too. The world is a whole, big ecosystem. Ecosystems depend on healthy plants and animals. Without them an ecosystem is not even possible; they are the foundation. When one of the species becomes endangered, the whole system slowly starts to fall apart. So every loss of a species triggers the next. Just like animals and plants, we, humans, also depend on healthy ecosystems like forests, oceans or grasslands. So we’re risking our health and environment when we don’t do anything about the contamination.

We, humans, cause the extinction of a lot of species only by living, but this can be changed. We have to live together with the animals. I once heard someone saying “it’s not our world, we just borrowed it” and I think that is the truth.

I  think something important to do is to educate. We need to teach people and especially children about what is happening right now. If people do not know about the problem, they can’t do anything, but it’s also the job of our governments. How do people still sell furs and skins of all these endangered animals without being punished for it? Another thing which helps, is ,of course, the support for several organisations which work on this problem. Support can mean financial for those, who either don’t have the time or the will to go to the affected places where help is needed, but volunteer work is also support. Not only do you help, but you also experience beautiful countries and learn something about our world, the different cultures and also about yourself. “Work” doesn’t always mean it’s not fun.

It’s not that difficult to change something, so why isn’t there a change going on? – Ask yourself.

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Social Medias: Suggestions for Teens’ Everyday Life

Maria Pia De Felice, Italy

Social medias are nowadays’ most popular apps on our mobile phones. If you’re not subscribed to at least one famous social media, you may look strange to others and they may judge you (for example, saying that you’re asocial). As well, if you have very few photos posted on your profile, they may think that you’re ugly and that you don’t want to show yourself.

Teenager checking her cell phone

But whatever you do, you can be judged by the community: for example, people may not like what you post and could make fun of you when they are looking at it. As well, someone could use your photos pretending to be you!

After talking about all of this… Are social medias worth it? Are they a good way to interact with people, or are they just a waste of time?

teens taking photos

First of all, in order to avoid letting someone use your profile, you must put it in private mode: what does it mean? You can “lock” your profile so that others can’t see your profile without your permission. If they want to, they can send you a friend request, then you can accept or decline it. I recommend you to not accept strangers’ friend requests, but just your friends’ ones.

Another thing I recommend for your own security is to not post intimate information about your friends, family and yourself, such as your address, your email, your mobile number. The same suggestion goes for your photos: never show parts of your body that nobody should see!

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Social medias are a good way to meet and chat with people you used to know, or that, at the moment, live far away from you. So you must know that if you’d like to keep in touch with them, social medias are the best way to do it!

At the end, remember that everything you do is your own choice: the world is free and you can do whatever you want, but these suggestions are just for your safety!

If you want to go deep into this topic, check the video below!

easy consumerism

By Jeanne Beaudoin from France

 

Consumerism is the protection or promotion of the interests of consumers and the preoccupation of society with the acquisition of consumer goods. What is the great danger of consumerism today? First of all, we will talk about the danger of consumerism for each one, and then we will talk about how consumerism is dangerous for the world.

 

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The society is dangerous for every mind because everything is too easy: we want tomato; we just have to go to a shop and buy tomato. Everything we want is possible because of the consumerism. This facility is negative for everybody because we become selfish; we are just some complacent yet covetous heart. We don’t know the real difficulty; everything is served on a silver platter. We’ve never have to fight to eat, to drink water, to take a shower… Everything we need is available. And because everything we need is given, we are every time searching something better, something we can’t have. We cannot appreciate a glass of water because it is unlimited. We are eternally unsatisfied. We do everything for our own interest and it is always difficult to do something if it is against our own inte

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rest. Why would I like help each other if it’s difficult and if I can stay in front of my TV? Consumerism cut our interest for the world off. It is very dangerous because often some people never realize this. But, it is also dangerous for the world.

 

Consumerism is daRésultats de recherche d'images pour « consumerism »ngerous for everybody because it gives us everything we want, letting some people being selfish. But it is also dangerous for our environment. Due to consumerism, the world is going to die slowly. To have beautiful clothes and furniture we kill lots of sheep, elephants, snakes and other animal species extinctions have happened at times. To give us lots of paper, we create deforestation. It is very selfish because we won’t have enough oxygen since trees are lungs of the Earth. Consumerism entrains climate change from the smog of enterprises and powerful countries. Consumerism also creates a big difference between rich and poor people. When someone is poor it is very difficult for him to leave this circle of poverty. Poor countries have lots of difficulties to live next to very rich countries because of this consumerism. It’s almost impossible to become a rich country for a poor country because rich countries try to steal their wealth (petroleum…).

 

In conclusion, we can say than consumerism is negative from every point of view. I hope in the future we will find a solution to have less selfish people and a better world.

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Should animals be used for scientific and commercial testing? by Stella, Germany


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General information:

An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the US for commercial and scientific testing including mice, rats, fish, birds, guinea pig, farm animals, cats and dogs.

They are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of  medications, check the safety of products destined for human use.

In additon, to the torment of the actual experiments, animals in laboratories are deprived of everything that is important and natural to them.
They are confined to barren cages, socially isolated and psychologically traumatized.
Most of the torture is legal.

Legal tests include: burning, poisoning, starving, forced, smoking, mutilating, blinding, electrocuting, drowning and dissecting without painkillers. They also get cut open without any painkillers.

The reality is that the majority of animal experiments do not contribute to improving the human health.


AGAINST
the scientific and commercial testing

Many organizations try to follow the three R rules to improve the torment of the animals using for scientific and commercial testing:
Replacement
replacing animals with non-animals tests
Reduction
using fewer animals to do research
Refinement
emphazies the fact, that if companies are going to use animals for your research, they have to make sure that those animals are treated at the highest (ethical) level

Alternatives to replace animals in science:

  • in vitro (test tube) test methods and models based on human cell and tissue cultures
  • computer models and simulations
  • stem cell and genetic testing methods
  • microdosing (in which humans are given very low quantities of a drug to test the effects on the body on the cellular level, without affecting the whole body system)

Why is replacing animals in science much better than using animals for testing? Are there any advantages in non-animal testing?

Yes, replacing animals in science with different alternatives has several advantages.
It is cheaper, faster and companies can test more chemicals.
It is not only more effective for science, but also more reliable and more human.

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PRO the scientific and commercial animal-testing

  • Animals themselves benefit from the results of animal testing
  1. If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus.
  2. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia.
  3. Animal testing has also been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil.

 

Interview with Katharine Coenen from Germany

By: Marina Santos, Brazil

 

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How old are you?   A: 24 years old.
What’s yor favorite food? A: Pizza.
What do you like to do in your hometown?  A: Hangout with friends, ride bikes and go to the gym.
What’s your favorite place here in SB? A: Steans Wharf, a pier with many restaurants.

Why did you choose SB to study? A: Because I love small cities and California is a  good location and the weather is nice.

 

What citizens of Santa Barbara think about EF students ?

By Jeanne Beaudoin, France & Sally Mousset, Belgium

We have chosen this subject because we hear every day a lot of things about how people see us. We have taken 2 videos of people who work on State Street and we have asked questions to a bus driver but he didn’t want to be recorded.

We are going to put the link of the 2 videos at the end of this article. People that we have recorded were very nice and both of them like the fact that there are all these international students in Santa Barbara.

However, the bus driver wasn’t so happy to have an EF school on Chapala Street. He said that most of us were friendly and polite, but otherwise he has problems with EF students. He told us that most of the time, they put their foot on the chairs. They also eat in the bus and they just leave their waste in the ground.

“Most of the time, they listened to their music and they aren’t polite with old people.” ” I always need to tell them to keep calm and to give their seats to the old person.”

Even though he has bad experiences with these students, he has no problem to one day host EF students because he thinks that it’s a good way to discover other countries in the world. He also told us that it’s a good idea to give the opportunity to these students to learn English here.

With this project, we learn that sometimes it’s true that we need to pay more attention to the citizens of Santa Barbara, but we really feel like home here so sometimes we forget that there are also rules here we need to follow.

Jeanne & Sally

 

Link of the video : https://youtu.be/DO5J57qUdmE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Is Children’s Development Influenced by Picture Books?

Name: Kyoka Narita

Country: Japan

Recently, the numbers of children who use smart phones before they sleep instead of reading picture books are increasing now. Do you know how important picture books are? I strongly encourage the parents who provide smart phones to their kids to give picture books to their kids instead. There are a lot of factors that picture books provide, such as a great influence to children’s development. Let’s take a look at some influences below.

  1. Make children’s brains more active

While parents read picture books to their children, the children’s limbic system of the brain works more actively than usual.  The limbic system of the brain is one of the most crucial parts of our body which administers our controls, the need for sleep, emotions and memory. In addition, colorful picture books can be an excellent influence on their optic nerve. From this influence, children can get a superb sense of color.

  1. Communication skills

When parents read books to their children, parents usually change their voices, such as a sad voice, a happy voice and the other voices of feelings because parents want their children to comprehend the main character’s feelings. Parents also change their facial expressions while they are reading. Therefore, children can learn a variety of feelings: happiness, enjoyment, sadness, anger and the other feelings. The skill will be helpful to children when they communicate with other people. For example, children can identify how people feel because they have already learned some feelings through picture books.   Therefore, reading about a variety of characters’ feelings has a positive influence on children’s communication skills.

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  1. Improvement of vocabulary and expression skills

One experiment shows that, in terms of children’s vocabulary skills, children are influenced by the amount of words that parents speak to their children. There is no doubt that parents talk to their children every day. However, you have to acknowledge the fact that it is just spoken language. Picture books are written in proper words and there are a lot of onomatopoeic words and adjectives. Owing to proper words, onomatopoeic words, and adjectives, children’s vocabulary and expression skills can be improved. If children have limited skills of expressions, they will face challenging circumstances because it is hard for them to interpret their observations appropriately. On the other hand, if children’s vocabulary skills are developed, they can acquire high skills of expressions. Likewise, these skills can be useful when children learn other languages.

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  1. Improvement of curiosity

When parents read picture books to their children, they will ask a lot of questions to their parents about picture books plots. For example, “why does she/he feel like that?” or “why did she/he act like that?”     If parents are able to answer every single question, children can consider and comprehend more deeply. Therefore, answering the questions stimulates the children’s curiosity. Moreover, some experts consider that curiosity is helpful for children’s brains in terms of their memory.

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In conclusion, picture books have a lot of worthy influences on children’s development. I strongly encourage parents to read picture books to their children instead of giving them smart phones.

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