Carnival All Around Brazil

By Maria Antonia Lopes, Brazil                                                                                                                Rafaela Reblin, Brazil                                                                                                                            Laura Franco, Brazil

 What is Carnival?

The Carnival is celebrated in Brazil every year, 46 days before the Easter festival. The word “Carnival’ is derived from “carnelevare,”which means the removal of meat. The roots of the festival are believed to be in tradition of Roman Catholics when they abstained from meat and alcohol on certain days as a method to drive away bad things from their lives. Back then, followers of the Roman Catholic Church would indulge in a last day of dance, fun, alcohol and sex just before the start of the abstinence period of alcohol and other sins.

Although Carnival is celebrated in other cities throughout Brazil and other Catholic countries, Rio de Janeiro is considered the Carnival’s capital city. One of the best-known parties in the world, Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is also the largest carnival celebration in the world. It’s filled with music, parades, drinking and people having fun. The carnival, a national holiday in Brazil, runs from Friday night to noon of the following Wednesday. That’s the official length, but many Brazilians turn it into a 10-day holiday. It brings
in about half a million foreign tourists each year.


Carnival in Rio de Janeiro 

The festival is organized by various samba schools in Brazil which are sometimes involved in community services as well. A major parade is made with beautifully dressed samba dancers on the top of decorated moving vehicles that go around the Sambadrome stadium. Often wearing masks and colorful costumes, they dance to the beats of drums and music, Samba is the main form of dancing there. Also, there’s a competition held in the end of the festival, when the crowd has to vote for the best costume, the best vehicle and the best samba school.



Each neighborhood in Rio has its own Carnival Street Party. There are around 300 of them in Rio every year. The street parties are also called “blocos”, and the atmosphere is just full of life, and everybody who parties is dancing in the streets, singing out loud, and making sure they have a really good time. Anyone is allowed to participate in streets a festival, that’s why it’s so special. There’s no segregation, literally, the whole world is invited.

Carnival in Salvador

Salvador is a city in the northeast of Brazil that has a lot of beautiful beaches and every February the Carnival happens. The Salvador carnival is the most fun one. If in Rio, you are a spectator of the parade, in the Salvador Carnival you are the show.

The event lasts officially for six full days: it starts on a Thursday, then follows the usual five days of carnival ( from Friday to Wednesday at noon).


The parties have a special name, “Bloco”, and it happens behind the “Trio eletrico” that is basically a big truck moving really slowly loaded with sound equipment’s and with a famous band or a famous singer singing on the top. The Salvador Carnival has some tradition singers like: Ivete Sangalo, Daniela  Mercury and Preta Gil. Contrary to what most people think, carnival is not only about samba, it has funk too and at the moment, the most famous singers of funk are: Anitta and Pablo Vittar.


Each Bloco sells a different T-shirt called “Abada”. This T-shirt is your entrance ticket and allows you to get inside the rope area. If you enter the V.I.P area of the event, you can see a lot of famous people with the “Abada” totally stylized.


Carnival in Olinda

The old colonial town of Olinda, a few miles from Recife, became a popular carnival spot in 1977, where every street corner has a band following their own routes. Children, parents, and grandparents all party together. Political and social causes are common themes that are well presented through costumes and music.

One of the main attractions of the carnival in Olinda is the giant puppets made from papier-mâché. The “Homem da Meia-Noite” or “Man of Midnight” is the most famous puppet that officially opens the carnival in Olinda every year; a tradition since 1932.


For most people here, Carnival is this magical time when it’s totally ok to dress up weirdly, fill your hair and face with glitter, become friends with total strangers and start deep love affairs that last the time of two “frevo” verses.carna10

If you like partying and want to immerse yourself in this rich culture, you should definitely spend Carnival in Olinda. You’ll hardly find a similar event somewhere else, with all the joy and excitement that takes hold of anyone that’s part of it. But truth be told, it takes a good deal of strategy to enjoy everything this party has to offer. So here are some tips for those who will go for the first time:

– Wear comfortable clothes and closed-toe, comfortable and not too beloved shoes – after all, it’s likely they will be destroyed by the end of Carnival.

– Eat well before leaving home, since drinking on an empty stomach is not advisable, but try to avoid heavy foods.

– Take an old cell phone with you instead of your “real one”, if possible.

– Avoid walking against the flow of the “blocos”. It’s easier to wait for them to pass, or to simply follow them.

– Avoid going alone, it’s more fun and safer to go with friends or family.


German Sites

Pascal Lange, Germany

Neuschwanstein Castle:e696b0e5a4a9e9b59de5a0a1e69e97e5beb7e99c8de5a4abe5aeaee5a5a7e4bcafe998bfe6a285e788bee9ab98e5b08fe98eaee4b880e697a5e9818a

The Neuschwanstein Castle is in Neuschwanstein, Bavaria. It was finished in 1869 and inspired Walt Disney, that’s why it is sometimes called the Disney Castle.


Brandenburg Gate:brandenburger_tor

The Brandenburg Gate was built from 1789 to 1793. It’s a triumph gate in Berlin and the only existing city gate of 18 others.




The Europa-Park is a theme park in Rust, near the French border. He’s 95 hectares large and the biggest in Germany. The Europa-Park opened on 12th June 1975 and is the second most popular theme park in Europe, after the Disneyland Paris. The ‘Golden Ticket Award’-Jury of the US magazine “Amusement Today” chose the Europa-Park in September 2017 for the fourth time in a row to the best theme park in the world.


Cologne Cathedral:2016-quer-IMG_0692

The Cologne Cathedral is the second tallest cathedral in Europe and third tallest in the world and since 1996 UNESCO world heritage site. The Cathedral was started in the 13th century but finished in the 19th and was from 1880 to 1884 the tallest building in the world.



Ulm Cathedral:

The Ulm Cathedral is, with 161.53 meters, the tallest church in the world. She was built from 1377 to 1543 and wasn’t damaged at the 1944/1945 attacks on Ulm. Ulm is the city were Albert Einstein was born.



Reichstag Building:download

The Reichstag Building is in Berlin and was built from 1884 to 1894. Since 1994 the elections for the Bundespresident are in the Reichstag Building and since 1999 the German Bundestag, so the German Parliament sit in the Building.


Dresden Frauchenkirche:dresden-frauenkirche-1500x850

The Dresden Frauenkirche is in Dresden and was built from 1726 to 1743. She was seriously damaged from the 13th to the 14th February 1945 and on the 15th February she collapsed. From 1994 to 2005 the Church was rebuilt.

Events in Santa Barbara

By Abdulmajeed ALfrayan.  Saudi Arabia

Santa Barbara- Parks& Recreation events:


Santa Barbara Arts & Crafts Show

Is an event to enjoy your time to give your lives more experience. There are a lot of people selling new things and they’re made in home. You can go there with your family to see new things and learn new culture.


Relaxing under the sun:



In this picture we can see the people sitting under the sun and enjoying the time. Here you can chat with everyone because it’s public and there are a lot of people who come for relaxing and enjoying themselves.


There are some small competitions for the kids:


There is jogging contest for the kids and there are small gifts for the winners and the moms help their children like say good things to them while they running like “you can do it”, “you’re a hero”.



Firework in the park:


There are fireworks at the end of the day and it’s so beautiful. Everyone on this day is waiting for this moment to say it because it’s a beautiful view from the park.


Party in the park.


They make a small party in the park to have fun and enjoy in themselves. But this party dose not happen every year in this event so some time it’s there and sometimes not.

The diversity of being a make-up artist

A makeup artist is an artist whose medium is the human face and body. He or she applies make-up or other items to create certain effects. The great thing about this job is that you have so many different options to express your creativity. There is a wide range of employment possibilities such as for television, film making, fashion, magazines, weddings and so forth.  The most important thing is to be creative and brave because when, it comes to make-up artistry, there are no limits. Only if you push through the boundaries and are not afraid to try out new ideas, there’s a chance that you will make the big business. As the more skills you have, the more options you have when it comes to jobs. In this article I would like to tell you more about this amazing job and it’s different ranges.



Show your creativity

A good way to show your creativity in this job is through body painting and/or airbrushing. Bodypainting is a kind of body art. It means painting something temporary, painted onto the human skin. Most of the artists combine body painting with airbrush make-up. Airbrush make-up is a make-up sprayed onto the skin using an airbrush gun instead of brushes, sponges, fingers or other methods. Airbrush make-up is also used as wedding make-up because it lasts very long. To do a full body painting can take up to seven hours or more. Each year the best body painters of the world show off their skills during competitions at the world bodypainting festival.

The fascination of SFX make-up

SFX make-up also called special effects make-up and FX prosthetics is the process of using prosthetic sculpting, modeling and casting techniques to create advanced cosmetic effects.

Special make-up is often used to transform someone into a totally different character or to create realistic injuries.

The options range from are full body transformations to just small parts like a scar or a cut. The most important thing for a realistic result is to study detail of the end result you want to reach. For example when you have to do an injury you have to know how it happens and when it happens. A bruising looks different on the first day than on the fifth.

Be the one who makes a bride’s day perfect

To make someone happy is the best feeling you can have. Especially brides are so thankful and it is a great experience to accompany them on their way to getting married.  A bridal make-up is maybe not the most creative one but it’s also challenging. It’s all about organization. A very important thing is to do find out what the bride’s wishes for and will be wearing so you can find the perfect make-up for her.

Make-up artist and hairstylists

It’s also highly probable that you are not just doing the make-up but also the hair.  Maybe just an easy braid or some waves but as more skills you have the more jobs you get. But most of the time there are special artists which are trained just in hairstyling. Then you work together as a team, someone does the make-up, someone the hairstyling and also stylists choosing the right dresses.

It is the combination of teamwork and the skills from the particular that makes the perfect picture, editorial, film, runway look or whatever. To meet this entire people is also a big part of this wonderful and exciting job. It’s more than just apply some colors onto the skin. It’s the creativity and the diversity of all the people in this industry what makes it interesting. To be a make-up artist is not just a job, it’s a lifestyle.








Why Zurich is one of the most attractive cities to visit

Robin Ryffel, Switzerland

Zurich; although the biggest and most well-known city of Switzerland, it’s not the capital. Actually, Switzerland doesn’t even have a capital. The Swiss constitution considers Berne as their federal city, that’s not an equivalent for capital city, though. However, to get back to the main topic of this essay, I would like to point out the many strengths for a tourist when visiting Zurich.


Zurich is located in the north-eastern part of Switzerland, which itself is placed in the middle of Europe. The city lies right next to the beautiful lake of Zurich, and a river called Limmat, originating from the lake, runs through the heart of Zurich; a perfect opportunity to enjoy your lunch at the bank, sunbathe all day long or just go for a swim.


One of the greatest things to do is without any doubt shopping. The most popular place to do that is definitely the Bahnhofstrasse. This street, translated to English Station Street, was laid out in 1867. It provides many shops, both internationally unknown Swiss clothing stores as well as shops from acclaimed international designers. It’s also the second most expensive street of the world, right after New York’s Fifth Avenue.


If you love old and absolutely stunning architecture, you just can’t miss Zurich’s old town, the Niederdorf. Literally translated to low village, it was actually the least developed part of medieval Zurich. That’s probably one of many reasons why it looks so special for today’s standards. In addition to its very own construction style, there are a lot of cheaper shops compared to the Bahnhofstrasse, and delicious restaurants. Whether you like Chinese, Mexican, Italian, Japanese or Brazilian cuisine, you will find it here.


There are a bunch of other great activities and things to do, when you, after reading this essay, hopefully take the next plane to Zurich. If you are interested in sports, there’s a local ice hockey and even two soccer clubs which all three play in the highest Swiss league of their respective sports.

zurich 5 KUNSTHAUS

Zurich is also an art and education city. There are a lot of history and art museums, as well as great universities that are definitely worth a visit.

Writing Your Own Songs

by Vivian Grunauer, Switzerland

“You don’t need a song, you need a feeling.” This quote is one of the most important aspects if you want to write a song. You can’t just sit down on a sunny afternoon and tell yourself that you are going to write a song now. A song itself is like art. It is complex, beautiful and only the person who wrote it can understand it completely. But if a song is really beautiful, you feel like you are the person who wrote it because you have the same emotions as the writer when you listen to the song. A really good song carries you away, makes you smile or even cry. So if you want to write a song, you need to have a strong emotion or feeling you can write about. vivian


Did you know that more than 70% of all the songs in the world are about love? If you ask yourself why, the answer is pretty simple. As I mentioned before, to write a song you need a feeling, and love is the strongest emotion of all emotions. Everyone knows how it feels to have a broken heart or to not be able to stop thinking about this one special person. Many people are annoyed because there are so many love songs and many of them are about almost the same thing. I don’t think there is any reason to be upset because, if you are really sad and you write a song about that, it can be really releasing and helpful to get over a hard time in your life. Or maybe you feel exactly the opposite. Maybe you are so happy that you want to scream your happiness out into the wide world.

vivian 2

I have never been the kind of girl who writes in a diary. I tried to do that a couple of times but I was always too lazy to write daily. My kind of diary was my songbook. Whenever I felt like something was bothering me I wrote it into that book. Sometimes I just wrote a few words, and other times a whole text. I didn’t turn all of those thoughts into songs but all the songs I wrote had their first appearance in this little book. That’s the reason why my songs are really personal. They are my kind of diary.

Last year, I sang at our city festival with my band “Vie and We.” I had sung at this festival before, but this time it felt completely different to be on stage. On the one hand that was because it was the first appearance of my band on stage, and on the other hand it was the first time that I sang my own songs in public. I was really nervous because I knew that all the people that were listening to me that day would know some of my most personal feelings and thoughts after that performance. But it was totally worth it. To see that the audience liked my songs, that they liked my self-made little artwork, made me very happy. I hope that I’ll have another opportunity like this in the near future.vivian 3

How a Body Moves

The Sao Paulo Museum of Modern Art gives their space to the visual arts exhibition “Dancing Museum”

Arthur Henrique Ribeiro da Costa – Brazil


The São Paulo Museum of Modern Art is getting ready to show the “Dancing Museum”. The exhibition brings 38 works in the collection that is integrated in the choreographic world, exploring aspects of our bodies as movement elements. Also, the masterpieces are exploiting all the space in the room, as if they were “dancing” to the appreciation of the observers.

For their selection, the meeting between Felipe Chaimovich, curator of MAM and Inês Bogéa, director of the São Paulo Dance Company, resulted in a new experience to try other ways to be physically in a museum. The connection with dance and how the body is present in the space is the great attraction of the set. According to Geise Reis, 26, a team member of the museum, “we don’t want you to be stopped. In all the museums, you have to follow a certain sequence of screens on the wall, but not here. The works are all around the space, making the visitor to move like in a dance” says Geise, who guides the public all around the area all week.

MOM Photo 6

The arrangement of parts in the Great Room of MAM is distributed according to dance fundamentals. In three areas, choreographic principles as gravity, balance and fluctuation, respectively, are shown through studies that, depending on the situation, require the participation of viewers, making them stepping barefoot in green and yellow scales or flipping giant book pages. The interactivity that the exposition provides is a differential which made the Argentine Mariana Iriberne, 25, come to Brazil: “I love modern art and (interactivity) is curious, if not funny. These masterpieces make us feel comfortable as they enter in our feelings, making us become relaxed as we move from one space and another”, said the web designer in his first time in Brazil.

MOM Photo 12

To give a final touch to the work, the São Paulo Dance Company performs in some presentations throughout the month, offering some worskhops to the visitor and interacting with the works of the museum. Coordinated by choreographer Clébio Oliveira and the dancer Rafael Gomes, the performances leave all perplexed, from adults to children. The art teacher Luciana Amaral God, 43, took her class to appreciate the work, making her student perplex by the art demonstrated in the museum: “It is important stimulate the culture”, said the teacher of Pueri Domus school.



MOM Photo 2

Art’s pioneers of Brazilian’s kinetic art, Abraham Palatnik and Hélio Oiticica, worldwide recognized artists are in the exhibition. Haruka Kojin, Sergio Camargo and other great talents are also there as well. Dancing Museum extended until January 15. The ticket costs 6 reais and the entrance is free on Sundays.