Photography, a Breakthrough Technology In Art

Angele Dubos, France.

“Taking an image, freezing a moment, reveals how rich reality truly is.”

 

Photography, one of the most breakthrough in technology, in society and in art’s movements. As a mirror to the world, Photography explores human, emotions. It captures or mark a passage of time. Developed in almost 200 years, it enhances faster than any other visual art. Plainly because its a blend between technology and art so between science and abstraction, reality and imagination, techniques and inspiration. In general speaking, Photography aims to capture the reality of everyday life, in parallel, its a fine art which requires time and attention.

This discipline, which has become an understanding of our world, is well spread, omnipresent, everywhere: in our smartphones, advertising, social media, streets… Then how do photography became so renowned and appreciate by everyone?

Photography taken shape when a Chinese photographer created the Camera Obscura, the first camera.  The main principle occurs when the image is projected through a screen which is a kind of mirror where the image is upside down.

Camera-obscura

Then, a lot of cameras, which I’m not going to listing for the reason that it’ll be so long, have roses so fast in our societies. Cameras had been through scientist’s hands and professionals in order to being more effective and obtain the more high performance between some well-known brands as Nikon, Canon.

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Regarding as a art, this discipline navigates around genres, artists, themes, works and techniques. Sometimes similar to the art painting, Photography has followed mostly the art movement: Avant-Garde, Propaganda, contemporary art,  modernism, pointillism… On one hand, works are really studied by the artists towards the lights, the subject, the background, the meaning. On the other hand, some artist’s photographs are snapshot and have been captured in the right amazing moment.

However, some works are misleading as the The Kiss by the Hotel de Ville. Photographed by Robert Doisneau in Paris, this work is one of the most iconic of the 20th century. its reveals the love and romantic aspect that photography may have. Whereas, this photograph was actually all planned, all organized and everything you figure out is sets up, even the extras behind, the cars, and included the blurred background.

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Photography concerns as well, Fashion, Photojournalism, War, Advertising, Death Nature, Nudes, Paparazzi and even more. That’s why I strongly suggest to buy and go over this book: The short story of Photography which redraws in an enjoyable and pleasant way the history of photography from the first movement until today.

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Appenzell

Raphaela Vogel, Switzerland

Appenzell is a region in the northeast of Switzerland. I will show you some of the places you have to see:

Mountains: Alpstein

In Appenzell, there are a lot of mountains. Altogether they are called Alpstein. The biggest mountain in Alpstein is called Saentis, which is 8,216 feet (2,504 m).  In the summer, there are a lot of hiking trails. In the winter you can go skiing and go for a winter walk in the snow.

Appenzellerland   Appenzellerland

One of the most popular mountains in Appenzell is called Ebenalp. It became very popular because of a restaurant on the way up. The restaurant is called Aescher and it was built precariously into the face of the rock.

Image result for aescher

Cheese factory

Another typical thing for Appenzell is the cheese. We have our own cheese called “Appenzeller cheese”. In a little village called Stein, we have our cheese factory. Overthere you can look over the shoulders of the cheesemaker and you will see how they produce their cheese. And if you like, you have the possibility to make your own cheese. Of course, there is also a restaurant and a shop where you can eat something or buy some cheese or a souvenir.

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Appenzell (City)

The capital of Appenzell has the same name as the region. In this city, you can see some typical houses for this area. And, of course, you can spend some time in this cute city. If you would like to learn something about the culture of this region you can go to the museum. There they will show you all about their lifestyle and their culture.

Appenzell

Silversterchlausen

There is something that only exists in Appenzell. It is called Silversterchlausen. Each year at New Year’s Eve, some groups of six men (Silversterchlauese) go from house to house. First, they will sing together. After that, they will wish you a lucky New Year!

There are two different kinds of Silversterchlaeuse. We called them “The Beautiful Ones” (picture on the left) and “The Ugly Ones” (picture on the right).

Image result for Silvesterchlausen   Image result for Silvesterchlausen

 

Wallis

Kevin Oliver Theler, Switzerland

I want to introduce you to my home canton in Switzerland. Here are some facts:

-The location is on the south of Switzerland on the border of Italy.

-Wallis joined Switzerland in 1815

-Population: 339.060

-Area: 5’224km2

Wallis has a lot of mountains and activities. In the winter you can go skiing, snowboarding, free riding, ice climbing and much more. It’s a big nature adventure park, especially for adrenalin freaks. For example in Zermatt, their ski slopes are  360km long. You can ride with your skis over the border to Italy, and go eat a original Italian pizza.

In the summer, you can do big hiking tours, and get up to the top of the mountains. When you are searching for action you can go skydiving, downhilling and paragliding. The views from the mountains are amazing, and to get there is really easy. From the main train station you only need about 45 minutes, and 15min with the cable car. Then the world of the mountains are open for you.

My favorite ski resort is Saas-Fee, because there is a big freestyle park for skis and snowboards because it  is near my hometown. I just have to go to the bus, ride it for an half hour and the I arrive already. I love to ski and do some flips in the park.

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Traditional dish

Cholera

Yes you read it right, we have a dish that has the same name like the bacterial infection. The dish got the name when the cholera broke out in 1830 in Wallis, because the risk of infection the people would’t leave the house. That’s why the people have to make the food with the ingredients they have in the pantry.

Ingredients:

  • 500 g Puff pastry
  • 40 g Butter
  • 200 g Potatos
  • 200 g Apple
  • 200 g Leek
  • 200 g Onions
  • 250 g Swiss Raclette Cheese
  • Salt and Pepper

Preparation:

-Cut the onions in to thin slice and stew in the pan with butter

-Cut the leek lengthwise and wash under the cold water. Then cut the halves into strips of 2 to 3 cm and blanch them for a maximum of 3 to 5 minutes in lightly boiling salted water. Drain and quench under running cold water to stop the cooking process.

-Cut the apples into small cubes and fry in a frying pan with butter. Increase and season the onions, leeks and apples.

-Cook the potatoes in boiling water for 25 minutes.Then cut the potatoes in small cubes of 2 cm. Add this to the Apple and Leek onion mixture.

-Rub the cheese in to the mixture.

-Lay out a deep dish with puff pastry and spread the mixture on it. Cover with puff pastry. Bake in the oven for one hour at 170 ° C.

 

Gold’s Gym

Baptiste Ostertag, Switzerland

Niklas Wykrota, Germany

 

Hey, Niklas and me decided to talk about the Gold’s Gym, because it’s one of the most famous Gym in the world. We went there during our trip to Santa Barbara, and people there are really kind. There is a lot of things to do, as you can see in the presentation. So enjoy your trip there and go train now !!

 

A World Without Blogging and Influencers

Stéphanie Portmann, Switzerland

Blogging about food, vacation or daily life is nowadays totally normal. Not just celebrities post their breakfast each day, also unknown teenagers and students upload all kinds of useless information on Instagram or YouTube and try to influence people.

Firstly, blogging in general means to update followers with each movement a blogger makes. Eat an acai bowl for breakfast, run to the gym for a workout in the afternoon and visit a gala in the evening is a normal day, but the most important job is reporting everything for the fans online. The more followers they can get, the more goodies they receive. Furthermore, visiting foreign countries without spending money or wearing gratuitous designer clothes is not possible without sponsors.

stef

People are influenced to buy the same clothes or food as the celebrity. The reason influencers do that is very simple, to get money. When they promote, for example, a watch from Daniel Wallington, the company of the watch pays the influencer for the promotion. Another way would be doing advertising with the face of an influencer. However, it is more effective to advertise on social media these days.

Secondly, blogging is different in various countries or regions. In America, Chiara Ferragni runs the throne with 13 million Instagram followers. She recently became a mommy and almost every day posts a picture of her son on Instagram. He even has his own hashtag #LeoncinoMio. In Germany, the twins Lisa and Lena or BibisBeautyPalace are influencing a lot of fans. The became famous through musical.ly or YouTube. All influencers post the same things like food, beauty, fashion or health. Almost all bloggers are influencers, but not all influencers are bloggers.

chiara f

Thirdly, since we have social media people have changed. The girls would like to look like Kylie Jenner or Ariana Grande, the boys, on the other hand, like Christiano Ronaldo. The ideal of beauty today is using as much makeup as you can, wearing the most expensive clothes as possible and living just with protein shakes, fitness, and vegan food. Young teenagers focus more on their appearances and how to become prettier or getting more likes than others on Instagram. Instead of focussing on that they definitely should like how they really are without the opinion of someone else.

From my point of view, I do not like that world. It is all about looking fabulous and being skinny, but still having a huge butt and money. The opinions of fans and potential followers are more important than their own. This unreal world would be better without wanna-be-youtube-stars or influencers-doppelganger who want to become like their idols. This illusion should be turned into reality to help third states or doing good deeds for the community.

Credits to:

https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHBF_enUS704US704&tbm=isch&q=influencer+on+vacation&chips=q:influencer+on+vacation,online_chips:instagram&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZy7iq17DbAhVJr1QKHaBrDVgQ4lYIKCgC&biw=1920&bih=974&dpr=1#imgrc=0bHypcsIY2-KcM:

https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHBF_enUS704US704&biw=1920&bih=925&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=e04QW_P0BpG90wKkvbv4BQ&q=chiara+fergagni&oq=chiara+fergagni&gs_l=img.3…2644.3434.0.4138.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0..0.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.0.0….0.n2BSc8DvbEM#imgrc=cNVaV_1Of6OpbM:

https://fashionista.com/2016/09/influencer-versus-blogger

Why is Paris the N.1 world tourist destination?

Angele Dubos, France

“Paris is Babylon, the city of all temptations” Christine Angot

Fabulous heritage, outlets and luxury’s shops, shows and concerts, sports and games, palaces and youth hostels, cafes, bars, pubs and gastronomic restaurants, monuments and musems free on holidays… I’ll have to stop here because it’ll be an exhausting list and a novel as well. Since October 2017, Paris has become, again, the first world city tourist destination. Added to that, France is the first world destination too. But why does such a renown city and have this amazing rank?

First of all, Hausmann architecture found his place in people’s interests. Those astonishing buildings, have been designed with very fastidious details since the 1870s. Grey rooftops are well-known as well to young Parisian people, they can climb or go out on them by their attic windows. Every Parisian has done it at least once.Résultats de recherche d'images pour « grey rooftop paris »Moreover, France is the European crossroad due to its borders with Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium…
That’s why, from a statistical point, for their holiday some people transit through France which supports its No 1 rank. On the culture side, Paris shares with Rome, the most fabulous heritage. Our museum and monuments are free during French holidays. Don’t plan to spend holidays in Paris for only 1 or 2 days, you need so much more! Garnier Opera, the Louvre Museum, Palace of Versailles, Montmartre, the Museum of Yves Saint Laurent, Studio Harcourt for photography’s fans, Notre-Dame… And obviously our outstanding Eiffel Tower where you can eat on the 2nd floor. It truly is a stereotype of French people drinking red wine, eating cheese and bread on the grass (Champ de Mars) in front of the Eiffel Tower while the sun sets.

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Dinner cruises, party cruises, 1 hour-boat rides, are available for sailing on  and visiting at the same time, our breathtaking capital. You will discover the timeless majesty of Paris and be on a journey out of time. Bear in mind that we’re part of the few countries which you can name their cuisine of gastronomic. Enjoy every meal, every taste, every drink because Parisians pay attention to details. That’s why everyone is spellbound (in order to give a great rank to Paris). Gourmet City tours are the most fulfilling experiences in a short time of your stay in this city.


With your friends, you can hang out in the Paris nightlife until 9am, chilling in its awesome and lit streets. At Arc of Triumph, the most unexpected nightclubs show themselves but don’t get used to it because when you taste the flavors and Paris’ life, you can be easily and quickly addicted.
Some events follow Paris’ daily life as the well known Fashion Week. Everyone gets crazy and outrageous. However, anytime you go in Paris, you can find out events to make all of your dreams come true.

 

Here is a little presentation about an comedian Parisian girl for her next show. Let’s find it interesting because it well depicts the Paris lifestyle.

“Because Julie has lived in London, Chicago and New York, but she has always remained a true Parisian … She decided to leave the Legal Department of a large company to play in the first one woman show about a 100% Parisian women in English.
You’ll be won over by her: getting up late, struggling through the crowds in the metro at rush hour, juggling a career and family life, having a quick drink and doing some shopping, preparing a meal with friends, going out clubbing … Come and experience a hectic day in Paris with Julie! Encountering the various characters played by Julie Collas is a hilarious experience: the audience laughs at the foibles of Parisians and revel in Julie’s delightful French accent … A show for everyone.

A joyful show not to be missed!”

Are Electric Vehicles green actually?

Michikazu Kitaoka, Japan

Now, we are facing global warming. Many countries, especially developed countries, are trying to reduce CO2 emissions. At the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal. To achieve lowering 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels, they are taking actions in some way. It is said switching gasoline-driven cars to electric vehicles is one of the most efficient actions. They do not need gasoline to drive, so some researchers predict it is going to save amount of emissions. Some countries have already released banning sales of gasoline cars actually. Norway is going to prohibit them by 2025, India 2030, the UK and France 2040.

Electric vehicles have some advantages. As I mentioned before, there is no CO2 emissions to drive. In United States, a typical passenger vehicle emits about 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year. Cars and trucks account for nearly one-fifth of all US emissions, emitting around 24 pounds of carbon dioxide and other global-warming gases for every gallon of gas.

On the other hand, some people say they have bad effects for environment. Electric vehicles use electricity for driving, and we emit CO2 to generate it. How they are generated is really important. For example, in China, the biggest energy of generation is coal which emits lots of CO2 emissions. According to researchers, for environment, electric vehicles are less effective than gasoline cars in China. In addition to resource of generation, electric vehicles emit more than gasoline cars in manufacturing process. According to a research, manufacturing a mid-sized EV results in about 15% more emissions than manufacturing an equivalent gasoline vehicle. For larger, the manufacturing emissions can be as much as 68% higher.

Electric vehicles could be ‘earth savior’ in a way of emissions reduction. They have some proved advantages and people seem to be excited to this solution. However, I feel people are in blind to disadvantages of electric vehicles. There is possibility make the situation worse because of the electric vehicles. It depends on the resource of generation or manufacturing process. Now it is time to think about how they are green actually.

The Eurovision Song Contest

By Mareike Rupaner, Germany

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The Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) is an international competition in Europe. European nations must choose each year a singer, who represents their county. The best singer, who has the post points, wins the contest. He hosts the next contest in next year in May.

It all starts on the 24 March 1956 with seven nations. A very strict rule fo2r participants was to sing in their country’s national language, but it relaxed with the year 1973. After that in 1999 the participants could sing in every language, which they want. Today it’s mostly in English.

In the contest, the participants have two options to get points. One the one hand, normal people can vote with televoting by telephone or SMS. On the other hand, there is a national jury, for each participant, which gives the other country’s points. The point’s Scala starts at 1 – 8, 10, and 12 points.

Since the 1990’s more and more countries join to the contest, so the organizer takes two sem3i-finals to find the Top 50. Only the “Big Five”: France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom are automatically in the Final.  The map shows, how many and in time the nations join to the contest by decade.

Fun Fact:  In 1974, ABBA wins the contest for Sweden

In 2015, the ESC celebrated 60 years anniversary. For the first time Australia joins to the contest and since that, it is very strong part in the contest.

The ESC is very important thing in Europe and in the European culture. Almost all nations of Europe join to one place, local or watching at the television.  Look and enjoy the next contest. On the 12th May, 2018, the Final is in Lisbon; don’t miss it or you can watch it next year 🙂

Take a look to the official site: https://eurovision.tv/ 4

Fashion & Style

Angele Dubos, France.
“Fashion becomes out of date, style never” Coco Chanel.

This famous French designer and business woman already teaches us during the World War I era that we must follow our own lifestyle, because it’s never going to change in our deep human being. Style categorizes people, people are categorized by the style, it’s how it works, for instance, if you want to have a Californian surfer style, have an emo hairstyle and a rock’n’roll behavior… Some updated people prefer to follow fashion for the following reasons.

Fashion and style, what a huge difference between both. However, they are intimately linked.

Fashion is a popular style at a particular time of a year. It includes clothes, accessories, hairstyle, footwear, even lifestyle products. It’s a kind of temporal concept which is repeated mostly every twenty years. Let’s take the example of  watches. Daniel Wellington watches have a very common form which has been so well-known sixty years ago. Champion sweatshirts rose so fast in the fashion industry and now three years ago, whereas they were widespread in the 1980s. Do I need to talk about vinyl records? Those shops that have been reopened, where you can see teenagers looking for the unique records of The Strokes, Led Zeppelin, or Serge Gainsbourg. It’s a pretty good thing and view of our society,  because it means: things never end. They are constantly repeated at some point.

pull champion       montre DW

Gigi Hadid, Kendall Jenner, Cara Delavingne. The well-known model trio has worked very well in the fashion industry. They inspired young women on clothes, bravery, topics issues… But who inspired them? A Brief review of the past. Marie-Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI in the 1700s in France, was already a leader of fashion. Her clothes were highly influential. Such as this white dress called chemise a la Reine.

                                                          marie antoinette

Some designers have inspired our fashion and style society. That’s why their brands are still in our mind. Think about Yves Saint-Laurent, Chanel, Karl Lagerfeld… They democratize the fact that every woman must have at least, a high quality lipstick or mascara. They are reflected in the cradle of fashion industry. Finally, here we are: fashion industry. Around that sector are the Fashion Weeks events where fashion designers and brands display their collection for one week. They are four capitals where are “the mothers of fashions” and held the fashion weeks ; sometimes they are called the “Big Four”: New-York, London, Milan and Paris. These events are followed very closely by the Media. Italy, as well, is renowned for fashion: Gucci, Dolce Gabbana, Golden Goose Deluxe Brand…

YST

Last but not least, this article will be ended by a kind of philosophical question. Is it really valuable to people to dress themselves well? Do they believe some clothes as master pieces? Do they want to feel good and having a great self-image?

Here the Met Gala’s video of yesterday in New York City.

easy consumerism

By Jeanne Beaudoin from France

 

Consumerism is the protection or promotion of the interests of consumers and the preoccupation of society with the acquisition of consumer goods. What is the great danger of consumerism today? First of all, we will talk about the danger of consumerism for each one, and then we will talk about how consumerism is dangerous for the world.

 

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The society is dangerous for every mind because everything is too easy: we want tomato; we just have to go to a shop and buy tomato. Everything we want is possible because of the consumerism. This facility is negative for everybody because we become selfish; we are just some complacent yet covetous heart. We don’t know the real difficulty; everything is served on a silver platter. We’ve never have to fight to eat, to drink water, to take a shower… Everything we need is available. And because everything we need is given, we are every time searching something better, something we can’t have. We cannot appreciate a glass of water because it is unlimited. We are eternally unsatisfied. We do everything for our own interest and it is always difficult to do something if it is against our own inte

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rest. Why would I like help each other if it’s difficult and if I can stay in front of my TV? Consumerism cut our interest for the world off. It is very dangerous because often some people never realize this. But, it is also dangerous for the world.

 

Consumerism is daRésultats de recherche d'images pour « consumerism »ngerous for everybody because it gives us everything we want, letting some people being selfish. But it is also dangerous for our environment. Due to consumerism, the world is going to die slowly. To have beautiful clothes and furniture we kill lots of sheep, elephants, snakes and other animal species extinctions have happened at times. To give us lots of paper, we create deforestation. It is very selfish because we won’t have enough oxygen since trees are lungs of the Earth. Consumerism entrains climate change from the smog of enterprises and powerful countries. Consumerism also creates a big difference between rich and poor people. When someone is poor it is very difficult for him to leave this circle of poverty. Poor countries have lots of difficulties to live next to very rich countries because of this consumerism. It’s almost impossible to become a rich country for a poor country because rich countries try to steal their wealth (petroleum…).

 

In conclusion, we can say than consumerism is negative from every point of view. I hope in the future we will find a solution to have less selfish people and a better world.

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