Photography, a Breakthrough Technology In Art

Angele Dubos, France.

“Taking an image, freezing a moment, reveals how rich reality truly is.”

 

Photography, one of the most breakthrough in technology, in society and in art’s movements. As a mirror to the world, Photography explores human, emotions. It captures or mark a passage of time. Developed in almost 200 years, it enhances faster than any other visual art. Plainly because its a blend between technology and art so between science and abstraction, reality and imagination, techniques and inspiration. In general speaking, Photography aims to capture the reality of everyday life, in parallel, its a fine art which requires time and attention.

This discipline, which has become an understanding of our world, is well spread, omnipresent, everywhere: in our smartphones, advertising, social media, streets… Then how do photography became so renowned and appreciate by everyone?

Photography taken shape when a Chinese photographer created the Camera Obscura, the first camera.  The main principle occurs when the image is projected through a screen which is a kind of mirror where the image is upside down.

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Then, a lot of cameras, which I’m not going to listing for the reason that it’ll be so long, have roses so fast in our societies. Cameras had been through scientist’s hands and professionals in order to being more effective and obtain the more high performance between some well-known brands as Nikon, Canon.

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Regarding as a art, this discipline navigates around genres, artists, themes, works and techniques. Sometimes similar to the art painting, Photography has followed mostly the art movement: Avant-Garde, Propaganda, contemporary art,  modernism, pointillism… On one hand, works are really studied by the artists towards the lights, the subject, the background, the meaning. On the other hand, some artist’s photographs are snapshot and have been captured in the right amazing moment.

However, some works are misleading as the The Kiss by the Hotel de Ville. Photographed by Robert Doisneau in Paris, this work is one of the most iconic of the 20th century. its reveals the love and romantic aspect that photography may have. Whereas, this photograph was actually all planned, all organized and everything you figure out is sets up, even the extras behind, the cars, and included the blurred background.

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Photography concerns as well, Fashion, Photojournalism, War, Advertising, Death Nature, Nudes, Paparazzi and even more. That’s why I strongly suggest to buy and go over this book: The short story of Photography which redraws in an enjoyable and pleasant way the history of photography from the first movement until today.

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What You Can Do When You Visit Amsterdam

Floortje Klein Schiphorst, the Netherlands

History
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands. Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the city proper. Amsterdam’s name derives from ‘Amstelredamme’, indicative of the city’s origin around a dam in the river Amstel.

Facts
– There are 17,620,000 visitors per year
– More then 100km canals
– Daily use public transport: 747,000
– There are 881,000 bikes
– 63% of the people who life in Amsterdam go everyday with the bike

Things to do
There are a lot of things that you can do if you visit Amsterdam.

Canals of Amsterdam
In Amsterdam there are 165 canals that combine for a length of over 100km (about 60 miles). There are 2,500 houseboats in the canals. You can book a boat tour through the canals. There are many different canal cruise companies. You can choose many different types of tours, like hop-on-hop-off sightseeing tours or night time cruises with food and wine.

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Shopping
Amsterdam is a excellent city for shopping. The most brands are on Kalverstraat and Leidsestraat. Kalverstraat is close to the ‘Dam of Amsterdam’, also a part that you need to visit. Another nice shopping area is ‘The Nine Streets’ (De Negen Straatjes). It called by that because this area, located in the heart, has nine narrow streets. There are a lot of great restaurants, cafés, art galleries, jewelers, boutiques and vintage stores.

In heart of Amsterdam you have also a lot of typically Dutch souvenirs shops.

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Parks
If you want to enjoy the sun, you can buy some food at the supermarket and go to a nice park. The most famous park in Amsterdam is ‘Vondelpark’. In the summer there are also a lot of people from Amsterdam and it is close to the heart of the city.

Located in Amsterdam West is ‘Westerpark’. It’s is a nice place to walk, skate, relax or have a picnic with friends.

Also ‘Amstelpark’, located in the south, or ‘Rembrandtpark’, located in west, are both good parks to go to.

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Museums
There are several museums you can visit in Amsterdam.
– Amsterdam Rijksmuseum is one of the most popular museums. They have historic art by Vermeer, Frans Hals, and the most famous one of Rembrandt ‘ The Night Watch’.
– Stedelijk Museum is at the Museumplein. It presents the best of modern art in Amsterdam.
– Van Gogh Museum is one of the most popular museum in the world and presents all the work from Vincent van Gogh.
– The Anne Frank House is at the Prinsengracht 263 where she lived in hiding with her family for more than two years during World War Two.
– Hermitage Amsterdam is rotating their collection of works from the Hermitage in Russia.

Next to this museums, there are a lot of other ones like, Het Scheepvaartmuseum, Nemo Science Museum, EYE film, etc.

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In the Night
If you want to go out at night you can go to Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein in the heart of the city. There are a lot of bars and clubs. In Amsterdam South you have also a lot of nice bars, in the neighborhood ‘de pijp’. If you want to know what kind of parties there are, you can go to: https://www.djguide.nl/events.p?city=amsterdam&language=en

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Other things
You can go to ‘Olympic Stadium Amsterdam’, what is build for the Olympic games in 1928. You can also go to the zoo in Amsterdam ‘Artis’. If you go in April, you need to go to King’s Day, at 27 of April. We celebrate the birthday of the king and wearing all orange cloths and there are parties everywhere on the street.

Nice places and restaurants 
There are a lot of nice places in Amsterdam that you can visit. We have a lot of festivals in the summer ,but you can also relax on a terrace. The best spots in Amsterdam are, Hannekes Boom, Waterkant, Cafe de Jaren, pllek, café de Ceuvel, Tolhuistuin, Canibal Royal, Westergasterras, Foodhallen, Sumo Sushi, etc.

I AMSTERDAM City Card
A good website you can use for research: http://www.iamsterdam.com
There are a lot of good tips, they tell you were you need to go if you want to know more things that you can do in Amsterdam. They also sell a lot of tickets for places in Amsterdam. And there is a special card you can you when you are staying in Amsterdam. You can choose a card for 24, 48, 72 or 96 ours. It includes free entrance to over 50 museums and attractions, free unlimited public transport in Amsterdam with tram, metro or bus, free canal cruise, free givaways and discounts and a lot of more things. So you can check the website for more information and prices.

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Women’s Soccer

Amelie Plenk, Switzerland

 

FIFA World Cup

The FIFA Women’s World Cup has been in existence since 1991 and takes place every four years. In 2019, the next Women’s World Cup will take place in France. Then the World Cup will be held for the eighth time and 24 teams will compete against each other.

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Marta Vieira da Silva

Marta Vieira da Silva was born on the 19 February 1986. Marta has been a Swedish citizen since 14 March 2017, but she will also retain her Brazilian citizenship. Marta Vieira da Silva, commonly known as Marta, is a Brazilian 

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footballer who plays for the Orlando Pride in the National Women’s Soccer League and the Brazil national team as a forward. With 15 goals, she holds the record for the most goals in FIFA Women’s World Cup tournaments.

 

My experience

I have been playing soccer for 4 years in a women’s team in a small village. Four years ago, we were still the only girls team in our club and now there are 4 teams – women’s football is becoming more popular! But of the 265 million football players worldwide, only 10 percent are women. 

 

 

Why Should We Travel Alone?

Beatrice Esposito, Italy

Going on a trip with your friends or with your family can be really awesome because you can share your experience with someone else who is close to you.

But have you ever thought about traveling alone? 

Here are 4 reasons why you should travel alone.

Focus on your destination

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You can totally choose the destinations that you like the most; you are not influenced by anyone, so you don’t have to go somewhere that you are not interested in. In addition, when you go on a solo trip you can concentrate on what you would want to visit without being influenced by other’s opinions.

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Meet locals

Since you are alone, you can’t talk with your friends or family when you have nothing to do, so you have to interact with people who live in that country. That can be a good thing because they can show you what are the best things to do in that place or you could even become friends with these people in order to experience the locals’ life.

Build confidence

At first it is absolutely scary and I can tell that it is true! I came to Los Angeles to study English and I flew from Rome to Istanbul and from Istanbul to Los

Résultats de recherche d'images pour « build confidence traveling »Angeles all the way alone. That scared me a little bit because I was scared I would take the wrong flight or I thought that something bad could happen. But at the end, everything was fine and I became more confident!

Learn about yourself

Last but not least, during your solo travel, you have to face who you are and you will better understand what you are interested in.Résultats de recherche d'images pour « Learn about yourself traveling »

 

So traveling with others you will find great friendship and you will have fun, but traveling alone you might find yourself.

Carnival of Sion

Baptiste Ostertag, Switzerland

What is it ?

The carnival of Sion is a big celebration which is every year during the first week of February.Carnaval de Sion

A lot a people are going there, most of the time in costume, just to enjoy, watch the parade, party and meet people.

A lots of groups come to Sion, to play music, as you can see in the picture below !!carna_sion24.jpg

Then in the evening, people, specially the young adult, are going under a big pavillion to do party all the night.carna_sion25

Here you meet a lot of people you know, you can dance and drink all the night, even if you’re not 21 (Not like in the USA), and you can enjoy the particular music which is being played by the brass band.

Here is an example :

The most important thing there is to enjoy yourself, and the fact that almost everybody is disguised makes the carnival really fun, because sometimes you can’t recognize people.

Wallis

Kevin Oliver Theler, Switzerland

I want to introduce you to my home canton in Switzerland. Here are some facts:

-The location is on the south of Switzerland on the border of Italy.

-Wallis joined Switzerland in 1815

-Population: 339.060

-Area: 5’224km2

Wallis has a lot of mountains and activities. In the winter you can go skiing, snowboarding, free riding, ice climbing and much more. It’s a big nature adventure park, especially for adrenalin freaks. For example in Zermatt, their ski slopes are  360km long. You can ride with your skis over the border to Italy, and go eat a original Italian pizza.

In the summer, you can do big hiking tours, and get up to the top of the mountains. When you are searching for action you can go skydiving, downhilling and paragliding. The views from the mountains are amazing, and to get there is really easy. From the main train station you only need about 45 minutes, and 15min with the cable car. Then the world of the mountains are open for you.

My favorite ski resort is Saas-Fee, because there is a big freestyle park for skis and snowboards because it  is near my hometown. I just have to go to the bus, ride it for an half hour and the I arrive already. I love to ski and do some flips in the park.

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Traditional dish

Cholera

Yes you read it right, we have a dish that has the same name like the bacterial infection. The dish got the name when the cholera broke out in 1830 in Wallis, because the risk of infection the people would’t leave the house. That’s why the people have to make the food with the ingredients they have in the pantry.

Ingredients:

  • 500 g Puff pastry
  • 40 g Butter
  • 200 g Potatos
  • 200 g Apple
  • 200 g Leek
  • 200 g Onions
  • 250 g Swiss Raclette Cheese
  • Salt and Pepper

Preparation:

-Cut the onions in to thin slice and stew in the pan with butter

-Cut the leek lengthwise and wash under the cold water. Then cut the halves into strips of 2 to 3 cm and blanch them for a maximum of 3 to 5 minutes in lightly boiling salted water. Drain and quench under running cold water to stop the cooking process.

-Cut the apples into small cubes and fry in a frying pan with butter. Increase and season the onions, leeks and apples.

-Cook the potatoes in boiling water for 25 minutes.Then cut the potatoes in small cubes of 2 cm. Add this to the Apple and Leek onion mixture.

-Rub the cheese in to the mixture.

-Lay out a deep dish with puff pastry and spread the mixture on it. Cover with puff pastry. Bake in the oven for one hour at 170 ° C.

 

Gold’s Gym

Baptiste Ostertag, Switzerland

Niklas Wykrota, Germany

 

Hey, Niklas and me decided to talk about the Gold’s Gym, because it’s one of the most famous Gym in the world. We went there during our trip to Santa Barbara, and people there are really kind. There is a lot of things to do, as you can see in the presentation. So enjoy your trip there and go train now !!

 

Interview With New EF Student

Alba Cerdeno (Spain) & Daria Gloor (Switzerland)

D: How long are you going to stay in Santa Barbara?

A: I am going to stay in Santa Barbara for about six weeks.

D: Why did you choose Santa Barbara?

A: I chose Santa Barbara because I always wanted to visit California and I saw that EF had a school here in Santa Barbara. So I googled it and the pictures looked really nice!

D: And how do you like Santa Barbara so far?

A: It’s great! I like the Spanish architecture of the city and the open-minded lifestyle.

D: And how is your host family? Are you feeling good there?

A: So that’s a hard question, because the host mother is really nice, but the house is so dirty. There are a lot of spider webs, lots of dust and huge piles of books and magazines. Once my pillow fell to the floor and when I picked it up there were three dead mosquitos on it. It wasn’t a nice experience.

D: Oh that sounds awful! How many people live there?

A: In my host family, there is an old woman with one cat and there are also five students with me. They are all very nice and friendly.

D: So how do you get to school? Is it far away?

A: First I have to walk 15 to 20 minutes to the bus station and then drive by bus for about 10 minutes. From the bus station I have to walk another 5 minutes to the school. Overall it takes me half an hour to get to school.

D: So it’s your first week here. What have you done so far?

A: I went to the beach, to the farmers market and also to State Street and to the shops there.

D: What activities do you have planned for your stay? Do you have a bucket list?

A: I want to go surfing and once I’d really like to go to San Francisco to visit the city. Also I would like to go to L.A where Universal Studios are.

D: That sounds great! Thank you for your time and the interesting interview. I hope you enjoy these next weeks and find a better option for your host situation.

 

 

Monogamy and Non-monogamy

Have you ever heard the ward , Monogamy? Actually,  I had never heard this word before I watched the video about Non-monogamy. This video impressed me so much. So I’m going to tell about Non-monogamy.

In the most of countries,  people have been lived as a Monogamy.Monogamy means one wife and one husband in one couple. However, for these years some people start becoming a Non-monogamy. For most of us, becoming Non-monogamy may sound very strange or weird. The reason why people feel it is because we are taught cheating is terrible thing. In my opinion,  I want my partner only loves me. And also I am pretty sure most people think about a relationship like this.

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On the other hand , for these years, some expert start saying a Non-monogamy is very natural thing. There are some reasons for this opinion.

First , as a animal , male should have relationships with females as many as they can. If they have a lot of relationships , it can make the rate of leaving his gene higher. Otherwise , for female if they became pregnant, they can’t have relationship with the other male anymore so female always try keeping one male stay close to them. These study means having a lot of relationships with different female make sense for men as a animal to prosper. This things is proved by a lot of scientic studies.

Second, in the long history, we had been using Non-monogamy system as a our normal style of our society.  For a long time,  marriage is the way to increase the number of workers, an expert said. However last 100 or 200 years , the purpose of marriage has been changed. The marriage is turned into for a power or a love.  For instance , the generation of my grand parents or great-grand parents,  they got married not for them but their parents or family. It was not rare that parents decide their kids’s marriage partner for their generation. However ,  now a days , most of people get married with someone who they really love.  So waht I want to say in this paassage is even though we think Monogamy is normal and only way that people should have , the truth is in the most of our history , we used to use Non-monogamy system.

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In the video, an expery said being Non-monogamy is like a being vegitarian. In the world there are a lot of people and everyone has a choice for their life. If you said that I’m Non-monogamy , many people may criticize you. However, in my opinion , we should respect their choices and lives. Don’t have bias before you truly understand about their lives. And let’s try to understand it.