It’s Fiesta Time

Patrycja Iwaniuk, The Netherlands

The Old Spanish Days in Santa Barbara is a week of celebrating the traditions, history, heritage, and culture that has been in Santa Barbara for hundreds of years. Since the beginning of the week, the first preparations can be seen. Music can be heard on every corner of the street. The first Fiesta eggs can be bought and smashed to color the streets with colorful confetti and even the people dress up in beautiful and traditional costumes. They proudly walk through State Street giving it wonderful ambiance.

Also, here at the EF school and in the Santa Catalina residence the feeling of Fiesta is in the air. More and more decorations are being hung up in the school and even some teachers can be seen wearing some great colorful outfits. Wednesday was Tamale Day and some students had the opportunity to make some beautiful Fiesta eggs, which are by the way strictly forbidden to use in the residence. Luckily for us, there is enough space outside to break these eggs and throw some confetti on our friends. As Wednesday night was the grand opening at the Mission, Thursday morning the decorations were even greater. In the afternoon students were welcome to enjoy some chips with salsa and delicious churros. To add to that, in what way can you end the day better than having people break a piñata in the middle of the schoolyard?

The big days, however, were without hesitation Friday and Saturday. Before the big parade, everyone started to get out their chairs and blankets to save the best spot for the whole family. After a very long wait in the sun, the parade had begun. Dozens of beautiful horses gaited through State Street and the music played by the musicians completed the picture. It was really a new experience for me as a foreigner, since I have never seen or been to this kind of a parade. Over the past couple of days, I have really seen that the people of Santa Barbara cherish this week of joy and a lot of tourists who walk down the streets with the biggest smile when someone throws confetti to them. We can still savor the moment for a few weeks until the confetti disappears and then the first eggs can be eaten as a preparation for next year. As for me, this was my first time and hopefully not the last… VIVA LA FIESTA!

STREET ART: VANDALISM OR ART?

Ilaria Tedeschi, Italy

Post graffiti, murals, frescoes or Urban Art, the Universe of the Street Art is known under many appellations. But where does it come from ? What were the changes ?

“Is it art?”

A question sometimes said and heard in museums, galleries, movie theaters, concert arenas, any place of creation. One such place is also the street, where the spectators often seem to wonder: “Is graffiti art or vandalism ?”
As a response to modernism and social segregation, graffiti became the means of communication and identity for young people in New York City in the 1970s.
Street art is visual art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues.
Some of the earliest expressions of street art were certainly the graffiti which started showing up on the sides of train cars and walls. This was the work of gangs in the 1920s and 1930s New York.
The impact of this subversive culture was extraordinarily felt in the 1970s and 1980s.
These decades were a significant turning point in the history of street art – it was a time when young people, by responding to their socio-political environment, started creating a movement, taking the ‘battle for meaning’ into their own hands.
Soon, this subcultural phenomenon gained the attention and respect in the ‘grown-up’ world. It had taken a form of true artistic expression.
One of the most important name of the street art is Martha Cooper.

Martha-Cooper-Untitled-Ghetto-4-LifeOne of the most important photo of Martha Cooper.

Although still subversive, and in its large part an illegal movement, through art enthusiasts and professionals, street art earned its place in the contemporary art world.
It is a marvelous art form in its own right and it is amazing to follow the evolution and diversity of street art in the 21st century.
Street art gave birth to artists who create breathtaking murals, and those who have incorporated video art and other performative aspects to creative work ‘on the streets’.
Omnipresent globally, it has evolved into a complex art form encompassing various practices. The World Atlas of Street Art and Graffiti is a survey of international art scene and brings together the world’s most influential urban artists and their work.

Street art is a way to communicate with other people, to share your creativity, your ideas, your thoughts and a way express yourself, how you really are.

Some of the most important street artists are:

BANSKY

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KEITH HARING

Keith-Haring-Crack-is-Wack-Mural-Restored.-Photo-Jim-Kieman-via-animal-new-york-Haring’s bold cartoon figures are a visual staple of the 1980s New York art scene and have come to appear on everything from T-shirts to skateboards.

 

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Philistines-1982-Jean-Michel-Basquiat

Before Basquiat was one of the most popular artists in New York City, hanging out with the likes of Andy Warhol and Keith Haring, he was a young, homeless runaway who took up graffiti under the name “SAMO.” In his short life, Basquiat worked his way up the rungs of the art world, landing himself in top galleries yet continuing to put work on the street.

Street art is a way to communicate with other people, to share your creativity, your ideas, your thoughts and a way express yourself, how you really are.16426886448_003b55ce09_b

 

Losing Weight Without Exercise?

The success of ‘Brown adipose tissue’ transplantation of fat

Bijin Park, South Korea

  To lose weight, we have to decrease the amount of food eaten or use more calories than before. Doing a restricted diet and exercise at the same time is the most ideal way, but also the most difficult way. So some people try to lessen food consumption too much or stop eating, but these approaches cause side-effects, such as yo-yo weight loss. In many markets, there are thousands of products that say “I can make you slim,” but there is no scientifically supporting evidence ,or the products have a little effect.

So scientists are studying new ideas to develop more effective and convenient ways to lose weight. Kevin Tharp and his colleagues at California University insisted ‘Brown fat tissue’ can be the way in a thesis about diabetes. This can sound weird, but it is fully supported. In animal fat tissue, there is ‘brown adipose tissue’ that can be changed into heat when consumed and normal ‘white adipose tissue’ that preserves energy in a form of fat that we commonly know.

‘Brown adipose tissue’ is usually abundant shortly after new-born animals because it has to maintain the body temperature of the young animals. The animals that hibernate during winter also hold a large amount of brown adipose tissue in their bodies to protect themselves against freezing to death. It is adipose tissue, but it makes your body consume energy so it brings out weight loss after all.

The researchers made stem cells of experimental rats into cells similar to brown adipose tissue and injected them to the other rats. These cells multiplied and made a lot of brown adipose tissue. The part of the body that has a lot of brown adipose tissue was 0.5C higher in temperature than other parts of the body. As a result, rats in the scientific control group (have more brown adipose tissue) consumed more calories than normal rats.

 

A is the part injected, B is normal part

(Thermal camera photo by Kevin Tharp and Andreas Stahl)

 

So, the researchers are expecting that this new study will allow people with diabetes or obesity to control their blood sugar and weight, but it is still a long way off to realize because there can be side effects in inserting stem cells or increasing body temperature over time.

 

sourse : http://nownews.seoul.co.kr/news/newsView.php?id=20150822601009

 

 

Interview With New EF Student

Alba Cerdeno (Spain) & Daria Gloor (Switzerland)

D: How long are you going to stay in Santa Barbara?

A: I am going to stay in Santa Barbara for about six weeks.

D: Why did you choose Santa Barbara?

A: I chose Santa Barbara because I always wanted to visit California and I saw that EF had a school here in Santa Barbara. So I googled it and the pictures looked really nice!

D: And how do you like Santa Barbara so far?

A: It’s great! I like the Spanish architecture of the city and the open-minded lifestyle.

D: And how is your host family? Are you feeling good there?

A: So that’s a hard question, because the host mother is really nice, but the house is so dirty. There are a lot of spider webs, lots of dust and huge piles of books and magazines. Once my pillow fell to the floor and when I picked it up there were three dead mosquitos on it. It wasn’t a nice experience.

D: Oh that sounds awful! How many people live there?

A: In my host family, there is an old woman with one cat and there are also five students with me. They are all very nice and friendly.

D: So how do you get to school? Is it far away?

A: First I have to walk 15 to 20 minutes to the bus station and then drive by bus for about 10 minutes. From the bus station I have to walk another 5 minutes to the school. Overall it takes me half an hour to get to school.

D: So it’s your first week here. What have you done so far?

A: I went to the beach, to the farmers market and also to State Street and to the shops there.

D: What activities do you have planned for your stay? Do you have a bucket list?

A: I want to go surfing and once I’d really like to go to San Francisco to visit the city. Also I would like to go to L.A where Universal Studios are.

D: That sounds great! Thank you for your time and the interesting interview. I hope you enjoy these next weeks and find a better option for your host situation.

 

 

WOMEN’S RIGHT IN JAPAN

Hinata Nakagawa JAPAN

 I was born and raised in Japan. The person whom I  most respect is my mother. In my childhood, I’ve seen a lot of times that my mother suffered from a typical Japanese society system that women have to be in. So in this article I want to talk about Japanese women’s rights.

First of all , I think Japanese women’s rights are not same as those in other countries. The World Economic Forum published The Global Gender Gap Report in 2017 and Japan ranked at 114 place out of 144 countries.It obviously shows us that women have to be in trying circumstances in Japan. One of the reasons the rights of women are not good in Japan is there are very few  women politicians in the Japanese government. It makes women live under difficult situations, because the Japanese governments doesn’t have good support for women which help to raise children or in work circumstances.

I think we should have more women politicians. The rate of women politicians in Japan is only 1 %.

images of women's right                                   3

In usual life, women are in unhelpful situation. For example in a company, many women are supposed to quit their jobs when they get married or become pregnant. The reason why it happens is most everyone thinks that women have to do chores and stay at home. Furthermore, it means that men can’t stay at home and they should work. So for instance, when a couple has a baby , men can’t have family leave to take care of their child. Moreover, after women give birth to a child ,many women will have to take care of  the baby alone. So it often makes women  as physically and mentally exhausted. In addition, once they quit their jobs because of marriage or pregnancy, it’s really difficult to find a new job. Many companies are not inclined to hire women who have children, because sometimes children have a cold suddenly or can get sick easily. In addition , there are not enough nursery schools in most of cities in Japan. It means mothers have to stay at home and can’t work until they find  a nursery school. The children can’t enter nursery school because of the nursery  school is at capacity are called waiting child. It has become to be really serious problem recently. Many women need the government to change ,but they still have not changed this situation.

downloadIn a very fundamental part of our lives prejudice  between women and men is also a problem. However, I  think these things are too common to say it’s a discrimination, because people say biased things without any hesitation. Even women often don’t care . On the other hand, some experts say if you don’t change these small biases , society may not be healthy forever. Thus, we should care much more about small biases. For instance , many men say women must be good at cooking and this is really important. Sometimes people speak that the value of women is decided by their cooking skills. They think women are supposed to cook for men. In addition, when women are pregnant unexpectedly and unfortunately many men don’t take responsibility and women suffer alone.  Furthermore, when some fathers are helpful  at chores and raising children, people praise them like that’s an incredibly great things. I hope people can say it’s normal that both the father and the mother do housework and take care of their child together . Above all, the important things is trying to treat women and men the same sincerely.images

As you can see , we have a lot of problems about the circumstances of Japanese women’s lives. What we need to do is to become aware of  natural biases that we have without any doubt and try changing our society. Unfortunately, activities about women’s rights are much less than other developed countries, such as Europe or America because most Japanese people are not concerned about women’s rights.  In my opinion, these actives will also make society very diverse and it helps men’s lives to be better,too. No matter if you are a man or woman ,anyone can be whoever you want to be. I hope women and men can be equal in the future and for this goal, we should start changing our awareness about our lives.

Japanese Have a Low Tolerance for Alcohol

Rikako Fujita , Japan

Generally speaking, Japanese are not strong for alcohol. We can drunk quickly. On the other hand, people from Europe and Latin is really strong. Sometimes, I see them drinking wine straight from bottle. If Japanese do same thing, we will die by acute alcohol intoxication.

What is Acute Alcohol Intoxication.

alcohol-intoxication-7-638

 

Alcoholic drinks menu

As a result of examining the genetic information of Japanese people, it was found by RIKEN which is Japanese science organization. That “evolution” has occurred for thousands of years to increase the number of people with weak constitution to drink. Although detailed cause is unknown, weak constitution of alcohol seems to have worked advantageously for adapting to the environment for some reason. It announced to the English scientific journal Nature Communications of 24th.
Two types of metabolic enzymes, “ADH1B” and “ALDH2”, are involved in the alcoholysis in the body. Each enzyme has strong and weak types, with 75% of ADH 1 B and 25% of ALDH 2 being weak in Japanese. On the other hand, Westerners and others are known to have strong types for most two types.

Acute-Alcohol-Intoxication
Analysis of the total genetic information of 2200 Japanese people revealed that there are many mutations that are rarely found beside genes that produce weak type enzymes. When genetic information is inherited to offspring, it indicates that the mutation accumulated without being lost together with this gene, and it is considered to be one of the evidence that having a weak type of enzyme worked advantageously. They also found that Japanese with weak type of enzymes increased over the past 100 generations.

This is why, Japanese have a low tolerance. When Japanese drink with friends who is from foreign countries, they must care about amount of alcohol. They DO NOT drink same like friends.

easy consumerism

By Jeanne Beaudoin from France

 

Consumerism is the protection or promotion of the interests of consumers and the preoccupation of society with the acquisition of consumer goods. What is the great danger of consumerism today? First of all, we will talk about the danger of consumerism for each one, and then we will talk about how consumerism is dangerous for the world.

 

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The society is dangerous for every mind because everything is too easy: we want tomato; we just have to go to a shop and buy tomato. Everything we want is possible because of the consumerism. This facility is negative for everybody because we become selfish; we are just some complacent yet covetous heart. We don’t know the real difficulty; everything is served on a silver platter. We’ve never have to fight to eat, to drink water, to take a shower… Everything we need is available. And because everything we need is given, we are every time searching something better, something we can’t have. We cannot appreciate a glass of water because it is unlimited. We are eternally unsatisfied. We do everything for our own interest and it is always difficult to do something if it is against our own inte

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rest. Why would I like help each other if it’s difficult and if I can stay in front of my TV? Consumerism cut our interest for the world off. It is very dangerous because often some people never realize this. But, it is also dangerous for the world.

 

Consumerism is daRésultats de recherche d'images pour « consumerism »ngerous for everybody because it gives us everything we want, letting some people being selfish. But it is also dangerous for our environment. Due to consumerism, the world is going to die slowly. To have beautiful clothes and furniture we kill lots of sheep, elephants, snakes and other animal species extinctions have happened at times. To give us lots of paper, we create deforestation. It is very selfish because we won’t have enough oxygen since trees are lungs of the Earth. Consumerism entrains climate change from the smog of enterprises and powerful countries. Consumerism also creates a big difference between rich and poor people. When someone is poor it is very difficult for him to leave this circle of poverty. Poor countries have lots of difficulties to live next to very rich countries because of this consumerism. It’s almost impossible to become a rich country for a poor country because rich countries try to steal their wealth (petroleum…).

 

In conclusion, we can say than consumerism is negative from every point of view. I hope in the future we will find a solution to have less selfish people and a better world.

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Vegan/Veganism

by Katharina Coenen

 

Veganism is a type of vegetarianism diet that excludes meat, eggs, dairy products and all other animal-derived ingredients. Many Vegans also do not eat foods that are processed using animal products, such as refined white sugar and some wines. They also don’t wear particular types of clothing, such as leather, fur and wool.

Vegan refers to either a person who follows this way of eating or to the diet itself. That is, the word vegan can be an adjective used to describe a food item, as in, “This curry is vegan”, or, it can be used as a noun, as in, “Vegans like cookies, too.”

But why would you choose to become a vegan ? They are many reasons. Let’s have a look.

Animals are a constant part of our lives. We share our houses with them, our beds, and we even consider them to be members of our family. While they may not be able to speak our languages, we value them highly. We interact with them and we often turn to them for emotional support. When they pass away, we mourn them.

We also believe that they enjoy being alive as much as we humans do, as they enjoy the company of others. Yet for other animals we stick forks and knives into their bodies and wear their skin as clothing. Is that morally right ? Maybe you think it is wrong to act violently against dogs or cats, but why do we think this? Animals around the world are dying just because we want to wear their skin, eat them or their products.

Some of us try to defend this by purchasing products that are marketed as “humane” or as produced “ethically.” However, these words are meaningless and actually do very little to give animals a better life. In any case, these terms comfort the public to believe it is okay to exhaust animals simply because we enjoy using them. We can change this social affliction and respect life by going vegan.

Consuming a plant-based diet also has significant benefits for our environment and health. Many studies show that eating more fruits and vegetables can dramatically change rates of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

Raising animals for food is also the single greatest human-caused source of destruction to our environment. In the rain forest, areas as big as soccer fields were cut down and used for growing soy beans for industrial livestock farming. Many rare animal species are in danger of extinction.

Personally i decided to going vegan. For me, its the next logical step, after being a vegetarian for over six years, to do the best as you can to help our environment and to reduce my ecological footprint. I never felt so happy with myself. 🙂

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Maria Jose Ayala (Ecuador)

by Assam Al-hajji (Saudi Arabia)

Edited with Spinly

What is your favorite movie ?

her favorite movie is the hunger games.

What is the best movie you have ever seen ?

The Bet movie she has ever seen is NARNIA.

Do you like travels ? Why?

Yes, because she likes explore and meet new people.

Would you like to visit Saudi Arabia? Why?

yes, because she thinks it’s interesting country.

Have been in middle east before?

No,she has never been there.

Marina Botsch, Brazil

by Katharina Coenen

 

What kind of music is popular in your country?

It is Funk Music.

What is your favorite food ?marina botsch

I like Brazilian barbecue.

Do you have a brother or a sister ?

I have one brother his name is Lucas, he is nine years old and i have a sister her name is Carlina and she is twelve.

What are your hobbies ?

I like to hang out with friends, go shopping and watch movies on Netflix.

Which place in the world do you want to see ?

I have always wanted to see Greece, especially the beaches. They must be beautiful.