Soccer

My name is Debora Wuhrmann and I’m from Switzerland. I’m 21 years old and the village I live is called Maennedorf which is near Zurich. One of my hobbies is soccer. In my free time I play a lot of sport but soccer is one of my biggest passions in my life. I have played it now for 12 years, that means since I was 8 years old. My position on field is middle-defender, and this season I will be the Captain of our team.

ball

General

Soccer is the most popular sport in Switzerland.

Soccer is a team sport. So the spirit of the team is very important. On field there are 22 players, included the two goal keepers. Eleven players are on each team, and the aim of the game is to shoot more goals than the other team. So everybody knows what soccer is but these are some necessary aspects.

Rules on Field

Kick off

After each valid goal, at the beginning of the first and second halves, as well as at the beginning of the half-time of extensions, the game is continued with a kick-off at the middle of the field and it may not be played until the referee has started the game through a whistle.

Throw in

If the ball leaves the playing field via one of the side lines, the game is continued with a throw-in for the team whose opponent had last touched the ball before crossing the side line. When throwing in, the player has to stand with both feet behind or on the side line and throw the ball with both hands from behind the head.

Goal kick

If the ball is kicked by a player of the attacking team outside the field boundaries over the goal line of the defending team, the game is continued with a kick from the goalie. To do this, place the ball anywhere in the goal area.

Corner kick

If a defending player has touched the ball before the ball has crossed the goal line without going into the goal, the game is continued with a corner kick. For this, the ball is placed in the area marked by a quarter circle in the corner of the playing field.

Free kick

The free-kick knows the variants of direct and indirect version and the special form of a penalty too. The penalty is almost direct. A free kick or a penalty will be corrected from the referee when a player does something against the rules. For example when a player from another team gets fouled/misconduct, like when a player from the opposite team knocks someone down to the floor and didn’t touch the ball.

Offside

An offside is (see the picture) when A passes the ball to B and he is behind all the other players who are in defense from the other team. The blue line is the offside line in this scene.

offside

These are only a selection of the rules on the field but they are the main and most important ones. Soccer will always be a very important interest in my whole life. My favorite team in Spain is FC Barcelona and in Switzerland it is FC Zurich. So, since I’m half Italian, I’m a fan of AC Milano, too.

ACM     FCB    FCZ

 

When In Mexico

By Amanda Svensson, Sweden

mexico 1

During Spring Break, my friends and I decided that we wanted to go someplace new. After a short discussion we ended up booking a flight to Cancun, Mexico. So, the second week of Spring Break our journey began, early in the morning. A week later, we got home feeling tired, sunburned, and ready to go back to school knowing that Mexico was one of the best trips so far. Therefore, I would like to share with you what you can do while visiting Mexico. Nevertheless, keep in mind that all experiences are individual.

The reason we went to Mexico was due to our holiday break and the fact that we wanted to have a good time. The one thing that we were interested in was learning about the culture and meeting the local people. However, we were having communication problems with people, especially at the airport, due to the fact that not all Mexicans know how to speak English. However, we solved our problems because some of us know how to speak some Spanish. Other than that, Mexicans are really friendly and welcoming. In addition, Mexican food is delicious! Something to keep in mind is to be aware of the food trucks and the warm weather which can cause the food to spoil. I would not recommend eating something out of a food truck; there are a lot of really nice restaurants in Cancun that arenot too expensive.cancun 4

We stayed right next to the beach wit
h our beds facing towards the ocean. It was magical sleeping next to the sound of ocean breeze. The water in Cancun is the bluest I have ever seen in my life. After a five hour flight and security control on top of that, getting to jump into the water and just enjoying ourselves couldn’t have started off our week better. If you are going to Cancun, make sure you get to go for a swim in the ocean.

The one thing that we made sure we did was to go out clubbing. The clubs compared themselves with Vegas and one club’s logo was “putting Vegas nightlife in shame”. The club experience has got to be one of our best memories we took with us, if you are ready to pay for it. Some clubs cost as much as 80 dollars, thus we went to the smaller clubs due to the fact that we didn’t have the knowledge that the clubs were going to be so expensive. However, we did go to one of the more expensive clubs one night, which had the coolest layout any of us had ever seen.mexico 2
mexico 3

The second to the last day, we decided that we wan
ted to do something proactive. Turns out Cancun are full of adventures. My friends and I ended up doing a day trip starting early in the morning. An organization took us to all these different locations throughout the day. For example, the day started off by going to old town and after that we headed for lunch at a really cool hotel. After lunchtime we went to a sinkhole that was 150 feet deep and was one of the coolest experiences I have ever had. Swimming in the water, looking up towards the sky was amazing. We ended the day with going to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza, which was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people. It was the best day in a long time and it only cost us 50 dollars per person. Learning about the Mayan people and leaving the place still wondering how in the world they could have built the different temples 1100 years ago was truly inspiring and mesmerizing.

So, after spending one week in Mexico I can tell you this, I am definitely going back.

 

Visit Stockholm

Travel is one of the greatest and most important things you can do on your leisure according to me and one of my favorite cities to travel to be one very close to me in my home country. I’m going to tell you why you should visit the beautiful capital of my home country Sweden, Stockholm. It lives 10 million people in Sweden wish 1, 5 million of those lives in Stockholm. Stockholm is the biggest capital of people in the Nordic area wish includes countries Norway, Finland, Denmark and Sweden. Stockholm isn’t one of the biggest capitals but I would say it’s one of the most beautiful capitals because of the position. Stockholm is built on fourteen islands by the Baltic Sea.   There are plenty of things to see and do in Stockholm and the optimal time to go is in the summer so you can enjoy being outside and maybe take a dip in the sea? One of my favorites is to walk around in the old town (Gamla Stan) where Stockholm was founded in 1252 and maybe go into a coffee shop and buy a Swedish cinnamon bun or go to a nice restaurant. There are also a lot of museums to go to about old Stockholm, it’s really interesting. The old town has interesting architecture with all the nice old apartments around which are nice to go around and check out. One of the most famous attractions in the old town is the Royal palace which is one of the biggest palaces in the world with more than 600 rooms which in some you can visit. Lastly, you can see Riddarholmen and Riddarholmen church, which is a very old church with a lot of history.   As I’ve already said, Stockholm is a very beautiful capital and it’s perfect to take sightseeing by bus or by boat to see every part of Stockholm. Stockholm is one of the best cities to sightsee because of its location of fourteen islands connected by fifty-seven bridges. Don’t miss out on Djurgarden while in Stockholm! You can find a lot of great experiences there. There are great restaurants and a lot of great museums for both kids and adults there. There’s something for everyone. Liljevalchs is the museum for the people who like art and then there’s museums for the kids like Junibacken which is where the stories of Astrid Lindgren comes to life. But my favourites are definitely Skansen, Grona Lund and ABBA the museum. Firstly at Skansen there’s an old village with old pretty houses and animals but the most famous place of Skansen is the stage Solliden where they every summer have a show with artists and celebrities who sings with the audience and it’s recorded to tv, it’s really fun to be in the audience but also to see it on tv.   Secondly, Grona Lund is one of the biggest tivolis in Sweden and they also have a stage with big artists every summer. Lastly, the ABBA museum is a fabulous museum surrounding the swedish pop group ABBA. You can see pictures of their music videos, costumes, the background story of their lives and more. The ABBA museum also has the Swedish Hall of fame where you can read about other swedish artists and swedish music history.  I think I could write about Stockholm and all its amazing places for so much longer but I will have to end by giving a last advice and it’s by saying that you should not miss out Norrmalm/City, you will find great shopping and restaurants and more. Visit Stockholm! You will not regret it.

The diversity of being a make-up artist

A makeup artist is an artist whose medium is the human face and body. He or she applies make-up or other items to create certain effects. The great thing about this job is that you have so many different options to express your creativity. There is a wide range of employment possibilities such as for television, film making, fashion, magazines, weddings and so forth.  The most important thing is to be creative and brave because when, it comes to make-up artistry, there are no limits. Only if you push through the boundaries and are not afraid to try out new ideas, there’s a chance that you will make the big business. As the more skills you have, the more options you have when it comes to jobs. In this article I would like to tell you more about this amazing job and it’s different ranges.

 

 

Show your creativity

A good way to show your creativity in this job is through body painting and/or airbrushing. Bodypainting is a kind of body art. It means painting something temporary, painted onto the human skin. Most of the artists combine body painting with airbrush make-up. Airbrush make-up is a make-up sprayed onto the skin using an airbrush gun instead of brushes, sponges, fingers or other methods. Airbrush make-up is also used as wedding make-up because it lasts very long. To do a full body painting can take up to seven hours or more. Each year the best body painters of the world show off their skills during competitions at the world bodypainting festival.

The fascination of SFX make-up

SFX make-up also called special effects make-up and FX prosthetics is the process of using prosthetic sculpting, modeling and casting techniques to create advanced cosmetic effects.

Special make-up is often used to transform someone into a totally different character or to create realistic injuries.

The options range from are full body transformations to just small parts like a scar or a cut. The most important thing for a realistic result is to study detail of the end result you want to reach. For example when you have to do an injury you have to know how it happens and when it happens. A bruising looks different on the first day than on the fifth.

Be the one who makes a bride’s day perfect

To make someone happy is the best feeling you can have. Especially brides are so thankful and it is a great experience to accompany them on their way to getting married.  A bridal make-up is maybe not the most creative one but it’s also challenging. It’s all about organization. A very important thing is to do find out what the bride’s wishes for and will be wearing so you can find the perfect make-up for her.

Make-up artist and hairstylists

It’s also highly probable that you are not just doing the make-up but also the hair.  Maybe just an easy braid or some waves but as more skills you have the more jobs you get. But most of the time there are special artists which are trained just in hairstyling. Then you work together as a team, someone does the make-up, someone the hairstyling and also stylists choosing the right dresses.

It is the combination of teamwork and the skills from the particular that makes the perfect picture, editorial, film, runway look or whatever. To meet this entire people is also a big part of this wonderful and exciting job. It’s more than just apply some colors onto the skin. It’s the creativity and the diversity of all the people in this industry what makes it interesting. To be a make-up artist is not just a job, it’s a lifestyle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quidditch, Real Sport?

By Jade Olivier, Belgium

000000001Do you know the movie, Harry Potter? Do you know the game of Quidditch? Yes, you can play this sport in the true life. Some explanations:  How do you play this sport? “To score points, chasers or keepers must get the quaffle, a slightly deflated volleyball, into one of three of the opposing hoops which scores the team 10 points. To impede the quaffle from advancing down the pitch, chasers and keepers are able to tackle opposing chasers and keepers at the same time as beaters using their bludgers—dodgeballs—to take out opposing players. Once a player is hit by an opposing bludger, that player must dismount their broom, drop any ball being held, and return to and touch their hoops before being allowed back into play. The game is ended once the snitch is caught by one of the seekers, awarding that team 30 points.”[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quidditch_(sport)]. Don’t believe you can fly on broomsticks! You have to run with it between your two legs. It’s difficult, but, with a little bit of exercise and training, it becomes easy. What equipment do you need to play this sport? Is it a physical sport? Quaffle (from volleyball), bludgers (from dodgeballs), snitch (from tennis ball), brooms, hoops. It is a physical sport because it is a mix between different sports: basketball,  volleyball and American football. Where is this sport from? Where was the first team in the world? Sure, this sport comes from the movie Harry Potter and the origin of this movie is British. So the first team to play to this sport were British people. The sport was created in 2005 at Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont (USA), by Xander Manshel and Alex Benepe, who later became the first commissioner of Quidditch. So, this sport is 12 years old. It is now an international sport, played around the world: in Europe, in the USA, Australia and China. Each year there is an international competition and this year it will happen in Oslo in Norway. About my experience? I have already played this sport when I was studying Dutch in Antwerp before to come in Santa Barbara. I played this sport with my host-family in one of the best clubs in Belgium: Dodo’s. I played it for only 4 months and a lot of people told me that I was really good at this sport. Now I’m going to Oslo inside the Belgium’s national team of quidditch to play a very big competition: international competition (I think). At the beginning, to run with a broomstick between my legs was really strange and really ridiculous, but everyone runs like this so I did the same. I felt better because I saw that everybody looked ridiculous to run like that but it didn’t cause any problems for anybody.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=taDda9lLaE

Why Zurich is one of the most attractive cities to visit

Robin Ryffel, Switzerland

Zurich; although the biggest and most well-known city of Switzerland, it’s not the capital. Actually, Switzerland doesn’t even have a capital. The Swiss constitution considers Berne as their federal city, that’s not an equivalent for capital city, though. However, to get back to the main topic of this essay, I would like to point out the many strengths for a tourist when visiting Zurich.

zurich 1 CITY OF ZURICH

Zurich is located in the north-eastern part of Switzerland, which itself is placed in the middle of Europe. The city lies right next to the beautiful lake of Zurich, and a river called Limmat, originating from the lake, runs through the heart of Zurich; a perfect opportunity to enjoy your lunch at the bank, sunbathe all day long or just go for a swim.

zurich 2 LAKE OF ZURICH

One of the greatest things to do is without any doubt shopping. The most popular place to do that is definitely the Bahnhofstrasse. This street, translated to English Station Street, was laid out in 1867. It provides many shops, both internationally unknown Swiss clothing stores as well as shops from acclaimed international designers. It’s also the second most expensive street of the world, right after New York’s Fifth Avenue.

zurich 3 BAHNHOFSTRASSE

If you love old and absolutely stunning architecture, you just can’t miss Zurich’s old town, the Niederdorf. Literally translated to low village, it was actually the least developed part of medieval Zurich. That’s probably one of many reasons why it looks so special for today’s standards. In addition to its very own construction style, there are a lot of cheaper shops compared to the Bahnhofstrasse, and delicious restaurants. Whether you like Chinese, Mexican, Italian, Japanese or Brazilian cuisine, you will find it here.

zurich 4 NIEDERDORF

There are a bunch of other great activities and things to do, when you, after reading this essay, hopefully take the next plane to Zurich. If you are interested in sports, there’s a local ice hockey and even two soccer clubs which all three play in the highest Swiss league of their respective sports.

zurich 5 KUNSTHAUS

Zurich is also an art and education city. There are a lot of history and art museums, as well as great universities that are definitely worth a visit.

Happiness

By: Rafaella Amorim de Souza, Brazil

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“Try to make at least one person happy every day, and then in ten years you may have made three thousand, six hundred and fifty persons happy, or brightened a small town by your contribution to the fund of general enjoyment.”

– Sydney Smith

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Does money bring happiness? Is it possible to be happy alone? Are children happier than adults? Are joy, satisfaction, pleasure and happiness the same? Happiness is the absence of sadness? Is health fundamental to happiness? Have we been born happy or unhappy? We were happy and did not know? What does the brain have to do with happiness? These are questions that positive psychology are trying to respond.

Since Classical Antiquity, Happiness has been the subject of debates, philosophical and religious reflections.  Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Carl Jung, Albert Bandura, Gordon Allport and others focused on the investigation of positive emotions. Therefore, the great contribution of Positive Psychology wasn’t to create the study of Happiness, but to have it developed on a scientific basis.

psicologia-positiva

To include the research of happiness in the field of sciences, Positive Psychology uses both traditional methods of psychological research and the most advanced process in the field of neurosciences for the study of emotions and human behavior. This is how Positive Psychology chooses the path of empirical research, respecting the rigors of scientific methodology and basing its analyzes on concrete data.

sorriso-falso

Unlike the “smiley face” apologists, positive psychologists distinguish the importance of knowledge of dark and thorny subjects such as depression and misery for the understanding of happiness. That’s why their scientific objectivity that Positive Psychology should not be confused as the source of a recipe for happiness. Happiness is not about always being smiling but try to see the good on every bad decision, moment of sadness.

felicidade-noe

Negative emotions are essential for us, because they shows when we need to st
op and look to ourselves, because they’re signals urging us to change what we’re doing wrong, so If you never permit your self feeling blue you will never truly know why you are sad. That’s why thousand of people don’t achieve the happiness, because they think superficially and don’t try to change what is wrong.

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Happiness is never found in materialistic things that cannot be physically possessed. The society are forgetting their bases, living their lives with no sense of control, buying everything just as excuse for trying to emerge on a social standard, that will never be reached. Therefore, happiness is priceless. It can never be purchased. Obviously you need money to survive, but you have to concentrate on what is really important for you. The life is made by small and unforgettable moments that money can’t buy.

 

 

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