Back in the days, people are used to talk together, look at each other in the eyes and share their deep emotions with relatives.
Nowadays, most of our life is based on a machine. We learn through a computer, we meet through an application, we share our private lives on the internet without thinking that thousand of peoples will have access to our little private garden.
As a women of 24 years old, I’m worried about the future. Technology is taking a huge space in the world and more the days pass more apps and machine are created. I write this article but I’m also a huge consumer of this technology. For example, I pass my day on Instagram, Whatsapp, Snapchat, Facebook.. for looking at the other. I consume without thinking. Thousand of contents are appearing on my feeds. I click, I like, I comment, but no emotions are felt. It’s like an automatism. We are becoming machine on a machine. The question I’m asking myself is : how much the technology is getting to change us?
So many things have changed. The supermarket is getting a place where we are by our own, without any person asking us how do we feel, what are we looking for ? Because now the cashier is a machine. At school, something has also changed. We are most of the times in front of a computer.. Taping and taping without memorizing any informations. I remember the time when I had to write on a paper the lessons of the teacher. I remember coming back at home and just have to read my paper because my brain was also remembering at the same time I was writing.
When was the last time you read a book? For a lot of people that seemingly simple question may turn into a really difficult one; simply because they cannot remember the last time they enjoyed a good piece of writing. Although the perks and pleasures of reading are large and great, humans these days tend to abandon books in favor of alternative amusements, such as streaming movies and TV shows. Modern devices allow people to have instant access to entertainment – we do not want to spend hours finishing a book, we want to stream a thrilling movie lasting just one and a half hours. It allows people to have instant access to knowledge – we do not want to search a lexicon when we can just find the translation or definition of a word online instantly. The traditional book is endangered, which is unfortunate, because, in fact, books have changed and continue to change the world, as few things else.
There is no precise definition of what makes a book. Some might describe it as something you can read, while others might define it as pieces of paper put together. Googling the simple question ‘’what is a book?’’, you get various answers. Even though the different definitions may vary a little, they all share a few main keystones; for something to be called a book should have a written or painted work, recorded on pages sewn, glued or fixed together along one side. In the 15th century Johannes Gutenberg, a German craftsman and innovator, invented the printing press. This innovation was revolutionizing because it helped spread information beyond societies and borders; it enabled new ways of learning which in turn improved literacy; and last but not least, it allowed written work to be published and read not only by the ruling elite, but by everyone. Point blank: the printing press enabled books.
More than five hundred years have passed since the printing press was first used. Throughout these years, decades and centuries, there are multiple examples of authors and books that have impacted the world. A prominent work is the Bible, which in fact was among the first books ever printed using Gutenberg’s invention. The Bible has impacted societies all over the world; for instance, it has influenced and helped form mores, laws, cultures and much more. Also, it has brought people together as well as given them wisdom and knowledge in a way few other works have been able to.
An additional example of an influential and highly significant book is author Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852). This novel was written and published in a time where the United States, which is where the plot takes place, was tainted by slavery and racism. In Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Beecher Stowe addresses these topics as she illustrates the past U.S. through a slave’s perspective. The novel came to be the best-selling book of the 19th century, and it was a precipitating factor for the start of the Civil War and the end of slavery in America.
Apart from having an impact on societies and the world in general, books are also influential and important for people on a personal level. In fact, scientific studies show that reading books have a profound significance on our ability to empathize, our level of creativity, and how well we are able to learn, retain and use information. In one of The Guardian’s most-read articles from 2014, science journalist and author, Dan Hurley, discusses the relationship between intelligence and reading in his feature article ‘’Can reading make you smarter?’’. Hurley talks about his own development as a child, from being called a ‘’slow learner’’ who could not read the word ‘’the’’ at the age of eight, to getting straight As just three years later after discovering the greatness of reading Super-Man and other comics. Furthermore, Hurley refers to various scientists and their studies that can help explain his impressive progress. Among other things, he also talks about three categories of intelligence, with one being fluid intelligence, the type of intelligence that enable us to solve problems and learn new things using knowledge gained in the past. Hurley not only describes how reading increases our fluid intelligence, but also how fluid intelligence improves our critical reading and reading comprehension. Consequently, they go hand in hand and together to create a favorable spiral.
In conclusion, when you immerse yourself in a book, you also immerse yourself into new worlds. You are given the opportunity to discover different stories of life, as well as get to know new characters, their emotions and thoughts. Reading books gives you the key to doors, behind which there are not only enjoyment and delight, but also knowledge and inspiration. As time passes by, the world changes, and so do people. How we live and choose to amuse ourselves today differs from how people chose to amuse themselves fifty years ago, the same way people fifty years from now likely will choose to entertain themselves differently. Although the traditional book may have lost its position as a stand-out and forefront source of amusement, it still influences and impacts us. What role books will play in the future is hard to tell, but from a historical point of view, considering the impact they have had throughout time, it is difficult to envisage a world without books. With technology and digitization comes new possibilities, and lately the use of reading devices and audio books have increased rapidly. Thus, maybe our ways of consuming books will change, but the new worlds and the imaginary doors will remain – ready for us to be immersed in.
Jetlag : a sleeping disorder that can affect people going through different time zones rapidly.
It affects more than 200,000 people per year in the United States of America; most of the time, the symptoms disappear after a few days or week, and it doesn’t necessite any kind of treatment, the person affected just needs to adjust to the new time zone.
Here are 15 tips and advice to help you prevent jetlag,
Before you leave :
People with strict sleeping and eating schedules are the ones who suffer the most from jetlag. If you are more flexible on these schedules, you will have a natural advantage against jetlag.
Even if it’s tempting to sleep less to have more chances to fall asleep in the plane, it’s risky. It’s better to sleep well and be well rested for the trip.
Try to change your sleeping habits before you leave. Set your alarm to 3.am, get dressed, send a few e-mail, go back to sleep. It will help you get adjusted more easily to your new timezone when you get there.
Plan your flights to arrive during the daytime. That way you will want to stay awake and get used to your new schedule.
If you’re going from L.A to Paris, try to stop in Germany on the way so your body has more time to adjust.
In the plane :
Even if everyone loves free drinks, the effects of alcohol can increase tiredness and cause dehydration that will make it even worse when you land.
So, stay sober !
Avoid drinks containing caffeine if you land at night. It could disturb your sleeping habits. Drink a lot of water, the more hydrated you are the less jetlag affects you.
Forget about the sleeping pills, it won’t help with the jetlag, and you will feel confused when you land. For long flights, try to get natural sleep.
When you get on board, change the time on your watch to the time of your destination to help your brain get used to it.
To handle it more easily, stay active, move, it will help your blood flow which will help your body feel like it wasn’t stuck for more than 8 hours on a uncomfortable seat.
After you arrive :
Eat 3 meals a day according to the new schedule, even if it means you’re hungry at midnight, you will get used to it.
Enjoy the daylight as much as you can.
Exercise to stimulate the endorphines in your body and erase the tensions in your body.
Sleep as much as usual at night. If you’re still tired during the day, allow yourself to take a nap.
“Because if one of the apples is rotten and you don’t throw it away, don’t come here to ask to me, why are all the apples rotten“
said the United States President (Donald Trump) who decided to not be part of the signed treaty in The Cold War anymore. The purpose of the treaty is to limit most of the countries that were part of the Cold War to not build nuclear weapons. Now it is in a serious danger because Russia randomly decided to not be part of this treaty either. The world is on alert and worried about what is going to happen, but if you don’t know what I’m talking about, let’s go to see what happened four weeks ago, when the U.S accused Russia of violating the treaty, and that accusation gave rise to many debates and discussions that finally provoked both countries “to throw away this important treaty”.
(American (left) and Russian soldiers shake hands on April 24, 1945 at the destroyed bridge over river Elbe as both troops meet at Torgau, Germany)
And now that not one of these countries is part of this treaty, they don’t have anything that can stop them from embarking on new nuclear weapons. The different governments around of the world are worried about what could be the next step of both countries. Then a year ago the Russian debuted their new nuclear weapon, Sarmat ballistic rocket .and that doesn’t have any limit of distance.The world is intrigued about what is going to be the next step and what will the world do to surprise us.
(One of the pictures that the Russian government public)
But the most important for us is ‘what do you think about it? Do you think that they are going to attack each other? Well, in this moment most of the people is just intriguing. about what the government is going to decide but most of the people don’t really see Russia like a possible threat. and they even think that in a time all is going to get better and this two amazing countries are going to have a friendly relationships in the future.
But in this moment when we asked to the people. they are more worried about the nuclear weapons in north Korea and Kim Jong-Un. and if he it is reflect on about do a new movement about nuclear weapons. the people still a pretty worried about it because as we know they hadn’t been show some wish of be part of some kind of treaty for avoid the nuclear weapons and even if the meeting of two weeks ago where both countries had a really friendly manners in comparison of the meeting of January, where the situation was really no-cool, especially for the hard comments of president Donald trump on twitter were toward direct and explicit about north Korea and his leader, both countries showed really positive about this and think that this can be the first step for the denuclearize but even with this conspicuous progress we have to remember ”if you don’t give water to the flowers they will never bloom”.
Insted of writing an article, I chose to make a video about my topic. I made a video about Queen (the band) because I love Queen’s music and I think they have an interesting story. Queen also made such a massive impact on millions of people. Even a lot of young people today listen to their music and I wanted to show how great they were. They are legends and their music will live on forever.
I lived In San Francisco for almost 4 months so I had the time to discover a lot of things. San Francisco is home with a little bit of everything. Whether you’re a first time visitor or a long-time local, you can find a lot of different activities to do.
1. The Golden Gate Bridge
First of all you should go to the Golden Gate Bridge. Once called “the bridge that couldn’t be built,” today it is one of the seven wonders of the modern world. You can cross the bridge by walking, by biking, by bus or by car. I recommend this trip during the sunset; it is beautiful !
2. Fisherman’s Wharf
The second place where you must go is Fisherman’s Wharf. Fisherman’s is a neighbourhood and popular tourist attraction in SF. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco. It is there that you can find the different boats to go to Alcatraz and also the famous Pier 39 with the sea lions.
3. The Coit Tower
The Coit Tower is an inevitable thing to do. It is a 64 meters tower in the Telegraph Hill neighbourhood, offering panoramic views over the city and the bay. The tower, in the city’s Pioneer Park, was built between 1932 and 1933. It is a little bit expensive; 9$ to go up by elevator but it’s worth it!
Alcatraz Island is located in San Francisco Bay, 2 kilometres offshore from San Francisco. It is the second most popular tourist attraction in SF. The small island was developed with facilities for a lighthouse, a military fortification, a military prison, and a federal prison from 1934 until 1963. This last facility is why Alcatraz is famous nowadays. The departure is from Fisherman’s Wharf and you will arrive 30 minutes later on the Island. During this tour, you can get audio guides and discover the entire story of Alcatraz.
5. Castro District
In this neighbourhood, along the streets, you will find brightly colored rainbow banners fluttering from lamp posts. This place is the historic centre of the LGBT community reflects. It’s a lively neighbourhood. I recommend this district to go out with your friends, even if you are not part of this community. There are some different clubs and bars so you will have a good time there !
Why is California so famous? “The Golden State” is known for its beautiful beaches, Hollywood’s movies industry or its big cities, such as LA or San Francisco, but it is also well known for all the great artists that come from here.
Some of the most famous bands and artists that come from California are: Red Hot Chili Peppers, Metallica, Guns and Roses, Kendrick Lamar or N.W.A. Just to name a few.
In the 80s Rock was increasing its popularity. It was in this context that a lot of great and classic bands started to rise, some examples are RHCP, Metallica, Guns and Roses, Megadeth or Green Day. It is impressive that the most of these bands are still current, doing tours and releasing new albums.
The 90s was rap’s turn. This revolutionary genre was spreading rapidly by young people and in California it came to stay. In the 90s, Dr. Dre, Ice cube, Snoop Dog or Eazy-E became famous, if we name the most important ones. These bands had songs that talked against the racial discrimination and the life in the neighborhoods of the USA.
Nowadays there are a lot of contemporary artists from California and there is a variety of music styles. We can name some famous pop singers, such as: P!nk, Maroon 5, or Katy Perry, rappers: Kendrick Lamar, Tyler the Creator. Also indie bands: 30 Seconds to Mars, Jason Mraz.
It is clear that California has been a very great contributor to music history, bringing a lot of classic and famous bands for many decades in the past and it keeps bringing very good artists in the present.
If I have to name my favorite, I could not choose just one, but surely in my top 3 would be Kendrick Lamar, RHCP and Guns and Roses. There are very different styles, but that is the good aspect of California’s music, the variety and quality of the music.
Next year, I will return in Santa Barbara with my family to show them the most beautiful place that I have never seen; The Franceschi Park. This park was once the home of famed botanist F. Franceschi. I discovered this place with my SPIN class ”I LOVE SB”. The purpose of this class was to discover the city, and it worked.
The park is located above the city. By car, it is only ten minutes from Downtown or one hour by walking. The location is pretty easy to find. There are direction signs along the way so you can not get lost. It has a panoramic view of the city and it provides a tranquil horticultural resource. A lot of people go there to relax themselves, do sports, walking their dog or just enjoy the view. In addition to the view of the city, you also have an ocean view. On sunny days, you can easily distinguish the different islands, like : Santa Cruz Island, Santa Rosa Island, San Miguel Island and Anacapa Island. Those four islands are quite far from the waterfront, more than 3 hours by boat.
Further into the park, you can observe a house. It was the house of M. Franco Franceschi. This house was used for botanical study and plant cultivation. This one became a botanical nursery for their experiments in plant propagation. Between 1894 and 1913, Franceschi imported over 900 species. He planted an enormous variety of native and non-native trees, like oak, camphor, cinnamon, avocado, banana, candlenut, and many species of citrus and palms. Many kinds of seeds were also grown on this area. Finally, through Franceschi’s efforts, almost 200 new plant species were introduced to California.
Unfortunately, F. Franceschi died in 1924 and M. Freeman inherited the house as well as the property. He was a huge fan of Franceschi’s work. Through his efforts, the property was enlarged and the house remodeled in a Mediterranean style. Freeman donated it to the city of Santa Barbara. That is why now everybody can go there. But the problem is that the city of Santa Barbara did not do the necessary renovations and maintenance and the house has fallen apart. For that reason the city of Santa Barbara decided two weeks ago to demolish the house and to rebuild something else.
Thank you to all the students for their participation.
Wiwi : Personally, the reason I decided to study abroad, here in Santa Barbara, CA is mostly because I want to live in North America when I’m older so I wanted to improve my english, my accent, but above all to simply discover this country because it’s my first time here. I actually really like it but I think I might be overdosing on junk food.
Cam : The reason why I decided to study abroad in Santa Barbara is because I want to improve my english and because I really love to travel, so study here it’s the perfect deal.