Must-See in Switzerland

Gabriel Martins-Switzerland

Bern “City of Fountains”

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Located in the heart of the Bernese Mittelland on the Aare River in northern Switzerland, Bern is Switzerland’s capital. The structure of Bern’s city center is largely medieval, and  was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. It is also known as the “City of Fountains” for the more than 100 fountains gracing its streets and squares. Bern is also ranked among the world’s top ten cities for the best quality of life.

Must-See: Old-Town (Clock Tower), Museum of Art, Bern Cathedral, Gurten

 

Luzern 

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Lucerne, the gateway to central Switzerland, sited on Lake Lucerne, is embedded within an impressive mountainous panorama. Thanks to its attractions, its souvenir and watch shops, the beautiful lakeside setting and the nearby excursion mountains of the Rigi, Pilatus and Stanserhorn, the town is a destination for many travel groups and individuals on their journey through central Switzerland.

Must-See: Mount Pilatus, Old Town, Swiss Museum of Transport, Chapel Bridge, The Lion Monument

 

Interlaken

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Interlaken lies in the Bernese Oberland, between Lake Thun and Lake Brienz. The vacation destination, which is presided over by the three mighty mountains, Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau, is the starting point for numerous activities.

Must-See: Hiking trails, Paragliding, St. Beatus Caves

 

Zurich

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Zurich is abuzz with activity day and night with its countless events, diverse museums, own food festival and Switzerland’s most vibrant nightlife. And if you’re after rest and relaxation, you can be in the Swiss mountains in less than an hour.

Must-See: Old Town, Museum of Art, MyKugelhopf Sweet Zurich Tour

 

Grindelwald

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This mountainscape and the numerous lookout points and activities make Grindelwald one of the most popular and cosmopolitan holiday and excursion destinations in Switzerland, and the largest ski resort in the Jungfrau region.

Must-See: Amazing Hiking Trails

Interview With New EF Student

Alba Cerdeno (Spain) & Daria Gloor (Switzerland)

D: How long are you going to stay in Santa Barbara?

A: I am going to stay in Santa Barbara for about six weeks.

D: Why did you choose Santa Barbara?

A: I chose Santa Barbara because I always wanted to visit California and I saw that EF had a school here in Santa Barbara. So I googled it and the pictures looked really nice!

D: And how do you like Santa Barbara so far?

A: It’s great! I like the Spanish architecture of the city and the open-minded lifestyle.

D: And how is your host family? Are you feeling good there?

A: So that’s a hard question, because the host mother is really nice, but the house is so dirty. There are a lot of spider webs, lots of dust and huge piles of books and magazines. Once my pillow fell to the floor and when I picked it up there were three dead mosquitos on it. It wasn’t a nice experience.

D: Oh that sounds awful! How many people live there?

A: In my host family, there is an old woman with one cat and there are also five students with me. They are all very nice and friendly.

D: So how do you get to school? Is it far away?

A: First I have to walk 15 to 20 minutes to the bus station and then drive by bus for about 10 minutes. From the bus station I have to walk another 5 minutes to the school. Overall it takes me half an hour to get to school.

D: So it’s your first week here. What have you done so far?

A: I went to the beach, to the farmers market and also to State Street and to the shops there.

D: What activities do you have planned for your stay? Do you have a bucket list?

A: I want to go surfing and once I’d really like to go to San Francisco to visit the city. Also I would like to go to L.A where Universal Studios are.

D: That sounds great! Thank you for your time and the interesting interview. I hope you enjoy these next weeks and find a better option for your host situation.

 

 

Monogamy and Non-monogamy

Have you ever heard the ward , Monogamy? Actually,  I had never heard this word before I watched the video about Non-monogamy. This video impressed me so much. So I’m going to tell about Non-monogamy.

In the most of countries,  people have been lived as a Monogamy.Monogamy means one wife and one husband in one couple. However, for these years some people start becoming a Non-monogamy. For most of us, becoming Non-monogamy may sound very strange or weird. The reason why people feel it is because we are taught cheating is terrible thing. In my opinion,  I want my partner only loves me. And also I am pretty sure most people think about a relationship like this.

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On the other hand , for these years, some expert start saying a Non-monogamy is very natural thing. There are some reasons for this opinion.

First , as a animal , male should have relationships with females as many as they can. If they have a lot of relationships , it can make the rate of leaving his gene higher. Otherwise , for female if they became pregnant, they can’t have relationship with the other male anymore so female always try keeping one male stay close to them. These study means having a lot of relationships with different female make sense for men as a animal to prosper. This things is proved by a lot of scientic studies.

Second, in the long history, we had been using Non-monogamy system as a our normal style of our society.  For a long time,  marriage is the way to increase the number of workers, an expert said. However last 100 or 200 years , the purpose of marriage has been changed. The marriage is turned into for a power or a love.  For instance , the generation of my grand parents or great-grand parents,  they got married not for them but their parents or family. It was not rare that parents decide their kids’s marriage partner for their generation. However ,  now a days , most of people get married with someone who they really love.  So waht I want to say in this paassage is even though we think Monogamy is normal and only way that people should have , the truth is in the most of our history , we used to use Non-monogamy system.

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In the video, an expery said being Non-monogamy is like a being vegitarian. In the world there are a lot of people and everyone has a choice for their life. If you said that I’m Non-monogamy , many people may criticize you. However, in my opinion , we should respect their choices and lives. Don’t have bias before you truly understand about their lives. And let’s try to understand it.

FIFA World Cup 2018

Chloe Persoglio , Nico Cojocari (France,Belgium)

The best footballers are going to battle next month until there is only one team left, the champion. There is no higher reward, every player dreams of it. Football might just be a game, but when it comes to the World Cup, it is more than that. You can see passion, determination and the will to win on the player’s faces. There is no better way to make your country proud.

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It takes place every four years and it was created in 1928 in France by Jules Rimet.

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The tournament includes 32 teams and starts from June 14 to July 16. The competition has 8 groups of 4 teams that are randomly assigned. Each team plays 3 games, 1 against every other team in the group. The two best teams in the group go further to the 16th round then 8th, 4th, 2nd then the finals.

The selected teams are :

Iceland, England, Russia, Denmark, France, Belgium, Germany, Egypt, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Japan, Korean Republic, RI Iran, Croatia, Spain, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Serbia, Switzerland, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay.

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Even though some influential nations like Italy and  Holland are missing, it is still going to be the most viewed event in the world. Brazil is looking for redemption since they lost 7-1 against the previous champion, Germany. France wants to prove that they are capable of winning since they lost to Portugal at the Euro 2016 final. At the same time, Portugal definitely wants to show that is was not luck that helped them get the Cup. These are just examples. Every team wants to prove something and win the World Cup.Image result for brazil 7-1

Holding the World Cup has many benefits. One of them is the tourism opportunities that it offers to the local markets. People from all around the world are going to go to Russia in June and spend money there. All the media attraction will be around the World Cup and people are definitely going to enjoy it as much as possible.

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Some will even enjoy it too much since there is a drug tolerance. Travelers have the right to declare drugs at customs if they have a doctor’s approval  written in Russian. Marijuana, cocaine and heroin are among the hundreds of drugs and prescriptions on the list of substances travelers can declare.

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We are definitely going to support our nations, Belgium and France. As patriots it is our duty to support our country. If your country is not selected,do not choose another one who is seen as a favorite to win but the one that is connected to you.

France Squad:

Goalkeepers: Hugo Lloris (Tottenham Hotspur/England), Steve Mandanda (Marseille), Alphonse Areola (Paris Saint-Germain);

Defenders: Djibril Sidibe (Monaco), Benjamin Pavard (Stuttgart/Germany), Samuel Umtiti (Barcelona/Spain), Raphael Varane (Real Madrid/Spain), Presnel Kimpembe (Paris Saint-Germain), Adil Rami (Marseille), Benjamin Mendy (Manchester City/England), Lucas Hernandez (Atletico Madrid/Spain);

Midfielders: Paul Pogba (Manchester United/England), Corentin Tolisso (Bayern Munich/Germany), Blaise Matuidi (Juventus/Italy), Ngolo Kante (Chelsea/England), Steven Nzonzi (Sevilla/Spain);

Forwards: Antoine Griezmann (Atletico Madrid/Spain), Olivier Giroud (Chelsea/England), Kylian Mbappe (Paris Saint-Germain), Ousmane Dembele (Barcelona/Spain), Florian Thauvin (Marseille), Nabil Fekir (Lyon), Thomas Lemar (Monaco).

 

Dates:

  1. France vs Australia – 16 June 2018
  2. France vs Peru – 21 June 2018
  3. Denmark vs France – 26 June 2018

Belgium Squad:

Goalkeepers: Thibaut Courtois (Chelsea), Simon Mignolet (Liverpool), Koen Casteels (VfL Wolfsburg).

Defenders: Toby Alderweireld (Tottenham), Thomas Meunier (Paris Saint-Germain), Thomas Vermaelen (Barcelona), Jan Vertonghen (Tottenham), Dedryck Boyata (Celtic), Vincent Kompany (Manchester City).

Midfielders: Marouane Fellaini (Manchester United), Axel Witsel (Tianjin Quanjian), Kevin De Bruyne (Manchester City), Eden Hazard (Chelsea), Nacer Chadli (West Bromwich Albion), Leander Dendoncker (Anderlecht), Thorgan Hazard (Borussia Moenchengladbach), Youri Tielemans (Monaco), Mousa Dembele (Tottenham Hotspur).

Forwards: Michy Batshuayi (Chelsea/Dortmund), Yannick Carrasco (Dalian Yifang), Adnan Januzaj (Real Sociedad), Romelu Lukaku (Manchester United), Dries Mertens (Napoli).

Dates:

  1. Belgium vs Panama– 18 June 2018
  2. Belgium vs Tunisia– 23 June 2018
  3. England vs Belgium– 28 June 2018

Calendar :

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Obstacles to Learning English for Japanese

Rikako Fujita, Japan

Studing foreagn languagies are too difficult for Japanese except Korean. This is because Japanese and Korean are torally different from languagies which use alphabets. First, English, German, French, or any Europian languagies are origin from Latin. So they have some languageis whose meaning are same. For example, ” engineer” and ”ingénieur” in french. ”Good Morning” and ”Guten Morgen” in German. 

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On the other hand, Japanese does not have simillar word even letters are totally different. We cannot type Japanese using this computer.

we use three types of letter. First, Hiragana, Second, Katakana, Third Kanji. These letters are totally different from alphabet. Moreover, these are very difficult  for even native speaker. Once we are child, we studied and practiced hard. In addition, Kanji is not a phonogram. These have a lot of meaning. This is why, it is more difficult.

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As can be seen, we use unique letters and languages, we have disadvantage for studying English. Furthermore, English class in school is too awful. We learn English by Japanese teacher who can not speak English well. They just know grammar and reading skills. Japanese English education is not focus on speaking and communication. If you travel to Japan, you will surprise at what Japanese cannot speak English. Most of  the case, they only speak ”hello”, ”I’m hungry” or something. You know what I mean? They are never able to communicate something. First of all, they cannot understand what foreigners are saying because listening English is the most difficult things for Japanese.

This is why, Japanese have many reason they cannot speak English fluently. If Japanese English education do not change, we will never communicate with foreign people.

World Scout Jamboree

Brando Facente, Italy

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The World Scout Jamboree, is a scouting jamboree with scouts from all over the world, typically attended by tens of thousands of scouts, aged 14 to 17.

The first World Scout Jamboree was organized by The Boy Scout Association in London in 1920, by the founder of scoutism, Robert Baden-Powell.The Jamboree has been organized approximately every four years, in the more recent years by the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).

The next World Scout Jamboree will be in the USA July-August 2019. The Jamboree 2019 will take place in Summit Bechtel Reserve (SBR), located in Fayette and Raleigh Counties, near Bekley, West Virginia.

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What is the reason to make this big event every four years?

The primary intention is to unite people to make friends at young age to make sure that people can avoid wars in the future.Secondly, scouts can share their experiences and their knowledge on scouting, Lastly they can enjoy a gorgeous experience and an exciting adventure.

What do people do in the World Scout Jamboree?

The scouts live in a huge camp, with camping tents. The guys have some activities about a topic. Usually the items are about the main topic (for example the topic of next Jamboree will be Unlock a New World). Other free Activities like climbing, rafting and other amazing activities.

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How many countries participate?

In the last Jamboree in Japan, 155 countries participated, with 33,628 people. But the world is big and unfortunately some countries are richer or closer than others, and not everybody has enough money to participate. In the spirit of World Scout Jamboree, all scouts pay a proportionate fee to their country of origin   to allow everyone to participate.

I went to Sweden for the 22nd World Scout Jamboree in 2011 when I was 15. The jamboree was one of the best experiences of my life. I met scouts from all over the world, ate food from many different countries, I discovered we are very similar to each other we need to work together and break down all the walls.

 

WOMEN’S RIGHT IN JAPAN

Hinata Nakagawa JAPAN

 I was born and raised in Japan. The person whom I  most respect is my mother. In my childhood, I’ve seen a lot of times that my mother suffered from a typical Japanese society system that women have to be in. So in this article I want to talk about Japanese women’s rights.

First of all , I think Japanese women’s rights are not same as those in other countries. The World Economic Forum published The Global Gender Gap Report in 2017 and Japan ranked at 114 place out of 144 countries.It obviously shows us that women have to be in trying circumstances in Japan. One of the reasons the rights of women are not good in Japan is there are very few  women politicians in the Japanese government. It makes women live under difficult situations, because the Japanese governments doesn’t have good support for women which help to raise children or in work circumstances.

I think we should have more women politicians. The rate of women politicians in Japan is only 1 %.

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In usual life, women are in unhelpful situation. For example in a company, many women are supposed to quit their jobs when they get married or become pregnant. The reason why it happens is most everyone thinks that women have to do chores and stay at home. Furthermore, it means that men can’t stay at home and they should work. So for instance, when a couple has a baby , men can’t have family leave to take care of their child. Moreover, after women give birth to a child ,many women will have to take care of  the baby alone. So it often makes women  as physically and mentally exhausted. In addition, once they quit their jobs because of marriage or pregnancy, it’s really difficult to find a new job. Many companies are not inclined to hire women who have children, because sometimes children have a cold suddenly or can get sick easily. In addition , there are not enough nursery schools in most of cities in Japan. It means mothers have to stay at home and can’t work until they find  a nursery school. The children can’t enter nursery school because of the nursery  school is at capacity are called waiting child. It has become to be really serious problem recently. Many women need the government to change ,but they still have not changed this situation.

downloadIn a very fundamental part of our lives prejudice  between women and men is also a problem. However, I  think these things are too common to say it’s a discrimination, because people say biased things without any hesitation. Even women often don’t care . On the other hand, some experts say if you don’t change these small biases , society may not be healthy forever. Thus, we should care much more about small biases. For instance , many men say women must be good at cooking and this is really important. Sometimes people speak that the value of women is decided by their cooking skills. They think women are supposed to cook for men. In addition, when women are pregnant unexpectedly and unfortunately many men don’t take responsibility and women suffer alone.  Furthermore, when some fathers are helpful  at chores and raising children, people praise them like that’s an incredibly great things. I hope people can say it’s normal that both the father and the mother do housework and take care of their child together . Above all, the important things is trying to treat women and men the same sincerely.images

As you can see , we have a lot of problems about the circumstances of Japanese women’s lives. What we need to do is to become aware of  natural biases that we have without any doubt and try changing our society. Unfortunately, activities about women’s rights are much less than other developed countries, such as Europe or America because most Japanese people are not concerned about women’s rights.  In my opinion, these actives will also make society very diverse and it helps men’s lives to be better,too. No matter if you are a man or woman ,anyone can be whoever you want to be. I hope women and men can be equal in the future and for this goal, we should start changing our awareness about our lives.

A World Without Blogging and Influencers

Stéphanie Portmann, Switzerland

Blogging about food, vacation or daily life is nowadays totally normal. Not just celebrities post their breakfast each day, also unknown teenagers and students upload all kinds of useless information on Instagram or YouTube and try to influence people.

Firstly, blogging in general means to update followers with each movement a blogger makes. Eat an acai bowl for breakfast, run to the gym for a workout in the afternoon and visit a gala in the evening is a normal day, but the most important job is reporting everything for the fans online. The more followers they can get, the more goodies they receive. Furthermore, visiting foreign countries without spending money or wearing gratuitous designer clothes is not possible without sponsors.

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People are influenced to buy the same clothes or food as the celebrity. The reason influencers do that is very simple, to get money. When they promote, for example, a watch from Daniel Wallington, the company of the watch pays the influencer for the promotion. Another way would be doing advertising with the face of an influencer. However, it is more effective to advertise on social media these days.

Secondly, blogging is different in various countries or regions. In America, Chiara Ferragni runs the throne with 13 million Instagram followers. She recently became a mommy and almost every day posts a picture of her son on Instagram. He even has his own hashtag #LeoncinoMio. In Germany, the twins Lisa and Lena or BibisBeautyPalace are influencing a lot of fans. The became famous through musical.ly or YouTube. All influencers post the same things like food, beauty, fashion or health. Almost all bloggers are influencers, but not all influencers are bloggers.

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Thirdly, since we have social media people have changed. The girls would like to look like Kylie Jenner or Ariana Grande, the boys, on the other hand, like Christiano Ronaldo. The ideal of beauty today is using as much makeup as you can, wearing the most expensive clothes as possible and living just with protein shakes, fitness, and vegan food. Young teenagers focus more on their appearances and how to become prettier or getting more likes than others on Instagram. Instead of focussing on that they definitely should like how they really are without the opinion of someone else.

From my point of view, I do not like that world. It is all about looking fabulous and being skinny, but still having a huge butt and money. The opinions of fans and potential followers are more important than their own. This unreal world would be better without wanna-be-youtube-stars or influencers-doppelganger who want to become like their idols. This illusion should be turned into reality to help third states or doing good deeds for the community.

Credits to:

https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHBF_enUS704US704&tbm=isch&q=influencer+on+vacation&chips=q:influencer+on+vacation,online_chips:instagram&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZy7iq17DbAhVJr1QKHaBrDVgQ4lYIKCgC&biw=1920&bih=974&dpr=1#imgrc=0bHypcsIY2-KcM:

https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHBF_enUS704US704&biw=1920&bih=925&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=e04QW_P0BpG90wKkvbv4BQ&q=chiara+fergagni&oq=chiara+fergagni&gs_l=img.3…2644.3434.0.4138.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0..0.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.0.0….0.n2BSc8DvbEM#imgrc=cNVaV_1Of6OpbM:

https://fashionista.com/2016/09/influencer-versus-blogger

Why is Paris the N.1 world tourist destination?

Angele Dubos, France

“Paris is Babylon, the city of all temptations” Christine Angot

Fabulous heritage, outlets and luxury’s shops, shows and concerts, sports and games, palaces and youth hostels, cafes, bars, pubs and gastronomic restaurants, monuments and musems free on holidays… I’ll have to stop here because it’ll be an exhausting list and a novel as well. Since October 2017, Paris has become, again, the first world city tourist destination. Added to that, France is the first world destination too. But why does such a renown city and have this amazing rank?

First of all, Hausmann architecture found his place in people’s interests. Those astonishing buildings, have been designed with very fastidious details since the 1870s. Grey rooftops are well-known as well to young Parisian people, they can climb or go out on them by their attic windows. Every Parisian has done it at least once.Résultats de recherche d'images pour « grey rooftop paris »Moreover, France is the European crossroad due to its borders with Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium…
That’s why, from a statistical point, for their holiday some people transit through France which supports its No 1 rank. On the culture side, Paris shares with Rome, the most fabulous heritage. Our museum and monuments are free during French holidays. Don’t plan to spend holidays in Paris for only 1 or 2 days, you need so much more! Garnier Opera, the Louvre Museum, Palace of Versailles, Montmartre, the Museum of Yves Saint Laurent, Studio Harcourt for photography’s fans, Notre-Dame… And obviously our outstanding Eiffel Tower where you can eat on the 2nd floor. It truly is a stereotype of French people drinking red wine, eating cheese and bread on the grass (Champ de Mars) in front of the Eiffel Tower while the sun sets.

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Dinner cruises, party cruises, 1 hour-boat rides, are available for sailing on  and visiting at the same time, our breathtaking capital. You will discover the timeless majesty of Paris and be on a journey out of time. Bear in mind that we’re part of the few countries which you can name their cuisine of gastronomic. Enjoy every meal, every taste, every drink because Parisians pay attention to details. That’s why everyone is spellbound (in order to give a great rank to Paris). Gourmet City tours are the most fulfilling experiences in a short time of your stay in this city.


With your friends, you can hang out in the Paris nightlife until 9am, chilling in its awesome and lit streets. At Arc of Triumph, the most unexpected nightclubs show themselves but don’t get used to it because when you taste the flavors and Paris’ life, you can be easily and quickly addicted.
Some events follow Paris’ daily life as the well known Fashion Week. Everyone gets crazy and outrageous. However, anytime you go in Paris, you can find out events to make all of your dreams come true.

 

Here is a little presentation about an comedian Parisian girl for her next show. Let’s find it interesting because it well depicts the Paris lifestyle.

“Because Julie has lived in London, Chicago and New York, but she has always remained a true Parisian … She decided to leave the Legal Department of a large company to play in the first one woman show about a 100% Parisian women in English.
You’ll be won over by her: getting up late, struggling through the crowds in the metro at rush hour, juggling a career and family life, having a quick drink and doing some shopping, preparing a meal with friends, going out clubbing … Come and experience a hectic day in Paris with Julie! Encountering the various characters played by Julie Collas is a hilarious experience: the audience laughs at the foibles of Parisians and revel in Julie’s delightful French accent … A show for everyone.

A joyful show not to be missed!”

Things to do in SB

Lena Schmitt, Germany

There are a lot of things to do while you’re staying in Santa Barbara. This should be like an insider guide, it will tell you about my own experience as well as about the ones from my fellow students. Many of the activities are close to SB so you can easily reach them without a car but everybody knows about them already and to be honest the really fun stuff is more far away and a car is necessary to reach them.

Let’s start with the unusual things you may haven’t heard about until now. I highly recommend visiting Pismo Beach, it is close to Santa Maria and the main attraction there are sand dunes. I know it doesn’t sound very exciting but I promise it was totally worth it to go there. They offer ATVs for renting and that is something everybody whose heart is into motorsport should definitely do!! Of course you have to be aware that it’s also kind of dangerous because you can get stuck very easily but it was a lot of action and one of the best things I did in my time here.

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Another attraction I would suggest visiting is a shoothing range. There are a couple ones around Santa Barbara for instance in Oxnard. Having fired a gun is in my opinion something you have to do while you are in the United States and it is not as expensive as many students think for around 60$ you can shoot at least two different guns.

The last thing I advice you do if you aren’t afraid of height is skydiving. it’s about an one hour drive to get there and on a sunny,cloudless day you have a breathtaking view over whole SB.