Should animals be used for scientific and commercial testing? by Stella, Germany

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General information:

An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the US for commercial and scientific testing including mice, rats, fish, birds, guinea pig, farm animals, cats and dogs.

They are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of  medications, check the safety of products destined for human use.

In additon, to the torment of the actual experiments, animals in laboratories are deprived of everything that is important and natural to them.
They are confined to barren cages, socially isolated and psychologically traumatized.
Most of the torture is legal.

Legal tests include: burning, poisoning, starving, forced, smoking, mutilating, blinding, electrocuting, drowning and dissecting without painkillers. They also get cut open without any painkillers.

The reality is that the majority of animal experiments do not contribute to improving the human health.

the scientific and commercial testing

Many organizations try to follow the three R rules to improve the torment of the animals using for scientific and commercial testing:
replacing animals with non-animals tests
using fewer animals to do research
emphazies the fact, that if companies are going to use animals for your research, they have to make sure that those animals are treated at the highest (ethical) level

Alternatives to replace animals in science:

  • in vitro (test tube) test methods and models based on human cell and tissue cultures
  • computer models and simulations
  • stem cell and genetic testing methods
  • microdosing (in which humans are given very low quantities of a drug to test the effects on the body on the cellular level, without affecting the whole body system)

Why is replacing animals in science much better than using animals for testing? Are there any advantages in non-animal testing?

Yes, replacing animals in science with different alternatives has several advantages.
It is cheaper, faster and companies can test more chemicals.
It is not only more effective for science, but also more reliable and more human.

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PRO the scientific and commercial animal-testing

  • Animals themselves benefit from the results of animal testing
  1. If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvo virus.
  2. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia.
  3. Animal testing has also been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil.


Barack Hussein Obama

By Giulia Bamberger, Germany

Barack Hussein Obama is an American politician who is a member of the Democratic Party. As a candidate for the office of the president, Obama won the first preliminary elections in Iowa, 2007. He was the first Afro-American president in America.

Barack Hussein Obama was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, 1961. Two years after his birth, his parents were divorced. After this happened, Obama moved with his mother to Jakarta, Indonesia. There, he went to an Indonesian state school.

In 1971, he went back to Hawaii and went to a private school. There he finished high school with honors.
After he was at Occidental College in L.A, for two years, he traveled to Columbia University in New York. In 1983, he received his Bachelor of Arts in political sciences.
In 1985, he traveled to Chicago and decided to study law at Harvard Law School. He took his final examination at Harvard in 1991. After that, he went back to Chicago and worked as an advocate for civil rights.

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Barack Obama as a child with his mother Stanley Ann Dunham

Obama entered into state politics in Illinois in 1992. He started a campaign for the mobilization of Afro-American electors. By this campaign, he mobilized 150,000 electors. Four years after that, he was elected into the Illinois state senate by the southern constituency. There he took on the leadership for public health service and welfare.
In this legislative period, he supported working-class families and homosexuals. Furthermore, he succeeded with new remedies for AIDS research.
In his second legislative period, 2002, he required the police to use a body cameras and worked further at a health insurance system, which he succeeded.
In the year 2004, Obama gained acceptance in the preliminary elections without problems because of many political personalities that helped him and the two biggest Chicago newspapers.
Obama began his first period in office in the American Senate in 2005. He used a lot of time for training into his position. In the following two years, Obama was one of the most active politicians. He succeeded with 152 decisions.

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Barack Obama with the former President of Germany Joachim Gauck

Barack Obama always was against the Iraq war and against the politics, which George W. Bush operated in this regard. He wanted a gradual withdrawal of the troops from Iraq, which ended after 16 months. Obama wanted to diplomatically counter conflicts with Iran in international cooperation.

After the election in 2017, where Donald Trump won the presidency, he had to move out of the White House with his wife Michelle and his two children Malia Ann (19 years old) and Natasha (16 years old).

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Barack Obama with his family in the White House

By Giulia Bamberger, Germany