Willis Haveland Carrier

By moataz alhaqbani

Willis Haveland Carrier, is an American businessman and engineer, best known for his invention of the modern air conditioner.  In 1902, Willis invented the first electrical air-conditioning unit, and in 1915, he founded his company, Carrier, a company specializing in the manufacture and distribution of HVAC heating and ventilation systems.

Willis, born on November 26, 1876 in the town of “Angola” in New York State, is the son of William Carrier (1836-1908) and Elizabeth Haveland (1845-1888).  He studied at Cornell University and graduated in 1901, with a degree in engineering.

In 1902, Willis presented a design for what became known as the first modern air-conditioning system in the world. A ventilation system was installed at the Saket Wilhelm Printing and Publishing Company in Brooklyn that performs basic functions: temperature, humidity control, air circulation, ventilation, and air purification.

 After several years of testing, development, and editing on January 2, 1906, Willis was granted a US patent for an air treatment device that was designed to moisturize the air, and to heat and cool the water.

In 1928 the company developed the first home air conditioner known as the “weather maker” and it was mostly acquired only by wealthy families.

 Despite its development of refrigeration equipment and the commercial growth of air-conditioning systems in buildings in the 1920s, Carrier faced many financial difficulties, as a result of the collapse of Wall Street markets in 1929. In 1930, the company merged with Bernswick Kroeschel and York.  »To form Carrier Corporation, with Willis Carrier appointed as Chairman of its Board of Directors

In 1930, Willis launched his business in Japan and Korea through the “Toy Carrier” and “Samsung Appliance”, South Korea is now the largest producer of air conditioners in the world.

Willis Carrier died on October 7, 1950, at the age of 74.

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